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Causes And Effects Of Violence In Children

1720 words - 7 pages

Recent research has shown that the relation rate between children and violence is increasing. In fact, the article Children and Violence states that as many as 10 million children per year may witness or be victims of violence in their home, schools, or communities across the United States. Childhood exposure to violence has a huge overwhelming impact on children’s development, affect emotional growth, cognitive development, physical health, and school performances. This increase in children’s exposure to violence suggests that more children are at risk than what was expected. Has the definition of violence changed or now the society does not consider the impact ferocity has on children?
Merriam-Webster defines violence as an “exertion of physical force so as to injure or abuse [oneself or the other].” There are many views as to why children are violent. Frieman states that children with conduct disorder [a monotonous and untiring pattern of manners in which the basic rights of others or major-appropriate communal norms are violated] would have a psychological disturbances that reveals itself in violent behavior. However, another view that is believed to contribute to violence in children is that these children will be living in a violent society and they usually respond to violence with violence; thus, learning to adjust in a violent environment (Frieman 145). To many individuals, media is another factor that contributes to the increase of violence in children. Examples of violence that can affect children include car accidents, natural disasters, serious medical treatment, community/domestic violence, physical/emotional/sexual abuse, sudden death/loss and crime. Violence in children include a variety of behaviors such as threats, bullying, harm to animals, aggression towards others or self, explosive temper tantrums, and armed assault.
A child can either be a direct or indirect target of violence in the home or they can be harmed by its occurrence. To many children, the indirect act of violence [such as mother being physically abused by the father] can still have the same effects as being directly abused. Several factors such as domestic violence, media violence, gender differences, antisocial personality disorder can contribute to child violence. Being a witness of domestic violence can be auditory, secondary, or visual. Children who either witness or see the injuries done to the family member face a more stressful environment. They can develop more psychological and behavioral issues than a child who has a stable family environment. These children being abused will more likely show destructive trends, mood swings, and uncontrollable manners, or may have difficulty with reasoning. In addition, they may see violence as a way of resolving conflicts since the adult family members they look up to engage in violent behaviors as a way of resolving their conflicts. Groves further supports the impact of domestic violence on children by stating...

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