Causes And Elevation Of The Sino Soviet Schism

2545 words - 10 pages

Causes and Elevation of the Sino-Soviet Schism

It can be argued that the most significant effect on foreign policy during the Cold
War, besides the arms race, was the schism and eventually antagonism between the USSR
and China. Some historians have argued that the schism between the USSR continued to
elevate throughout the Cold War. Alvin Z. Rubenstien, in his book "Soviet Foreign Policy
Since World War II" makes the argument that "The Sino-Soviet rift is more complex
today [Rubenstien wrote his book in 1985] than ever before." (Rubenstien, 148) Some
historians argue that the schism has continued to grow long after the end of the 1960's.
Other argue that the schism had reached its climax by 1965, when both nations almost
completely broke off relations with one another. By 1965 the schism between the USSR
and the Soviet Union was complete and it had become a policy between the two nations to
pursue antagonistic policies against one another. (Nogee, 256-61)
After the end of the second World War it was a goal of Stalin and the Soviet
Union to encourage, and even coordinate, the rise of communist regimes in other
countries. (Salisbury, 33-7) But this was not the case in China, where the Soviets were not
able to incite a communist revolution. Instead, Mao Zedong carried out a communist
revolution that was independent of Soviet influence. (Nogee, 199) This, of course,
irritated the Soviets and cause them to oppose the People's Republic of China for about
the first fifteen years of its existence. Many historians feel that this was the first of the
many Sino-Soviet disputes- the mere fact that China was able to engender a communist
regime. (Simmons, 17)
In 1927 the Soviets had unsuccessfully tried to incite a communist revolution in
China, this attempt not only failed but brought the deaths of thousands of Chinese
communists and the expulsion of Soviets from China. After this failure the Soviets refused
to invest anymore time into the Chinese cause. The Soviets even joined the United States
in support of the nationalist (and anticommunist) government "in unifying their country
[China], improving their military and economic conditions." (Warth, 56-9). Even after a
Mao, a communist, had taken power Stalin seemed reluctant to cut ties with the head of
the nationalist government, Chiang Kai-Shek. This reluctance of Stalin's led China to
distrust the motives of the Soviet Union, espicially in the 1950's when the USSR asked
China to help North Korea in the Korean War. (Westard, 36-7)
Some historians claim that the roots of the hostility between the Russian and the
Chinese an be traced back to the thirteenth and fourteenth century when Mongol Tartars
conquered most of Russia. During the nineteenth century Russian tsars conquered large
parts of China and imposed unfair treaties on the Chinese empire. (Salisbury, 48-50) With
this new information in mind, combined with the shaky start of Sino-Soviet relations, it

Find Another Essay On Causes and Elevation of the Sino-Soviet Schism

The Great Schism between Rome and Constantinople

858 words - 3 pages Anna GanserPeriod 6The Great Schism between Rome and ConstantinopleThe schism between the Roman Catholics and the Orthodox Christians was mainly caused by heresy, in which the Orthodox Patriarchs deposed Pope Nicholas in 867 CE, the difference in language also caused controversy over the unity of one church so the Orthodox requested that there be two patriarchs, also when the Roman Church separated itself by the pretensions and became a monarchy

The Elevation of Women's Status in Islam

2813 words - 11 pages Introduction The issue of women’s rights in Islam has been a particularly hot topic as of late, with the execution of women who attend school in Pakistan, and the ban on women driving in Saudi Arabia, most of what is known and heard is negative. And as such, people paint all those who practice the religion with the same brush, they allow what little they have heard to form their opinion of a whole religion, of a whole community, a community

The Sino-Indian War of 1962 and China's Revisionism

1012 words - 4 pages As everyone knows, China insists on reminding its people about the evils the Japanese committed against it in a brutal war of aggression 60 years ago. At the same time however, the Chinese regime refuses to acknowledge its own aggression but instead omits or distorts history to justify its claims and ambitions.In my class, I deal with the Manchurian invasion and the issue of Japanese textbooks ignoring, excusing, or even justifying atrocities

The Long-Term Causes of the Fall of the Soviet Union

1757 words - 8 pages The overall collapse of the Communist regime came rather quickly, but there were underlying causes of the collapse that were apparent during the preceding decades. On the surface, the 1970s looked good for the Soviet Union. A lot of certain aspects were still going the Soviet Unions way. However, in 1975, the Soviet Union’s power peaked. In 1975, the Soviet Union’s power began to dwindle and there were six underlying causes of the collapse that

The Narrow Schism between Disease and Beauty: Discovering the Mental Disorders and Intricacies of A Beautiful Mind

1911 words - 8 pages samples a variety of different schizophrenic symptoms (Types of Schizophrenia). Characterized by all forms of schizophrenia is the schism it forges between the individual’s internal mind and the reality of the external world. Much like the distorted perceptions which it creates, schizophrenia’s long list of possible causes still remain much of an elusive labyrinth. Schizophrenia “afflicts 1 in 100 people,” typically striking “as young people are

The Cold War and the Collapse of The Soviet Union

2444 words - 10 pages Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Soviet Union was eager to catch up with the Americans. This “need” would lead to the concept of brinkmanship, a nuclear arms race, and the expansion of Soviet ideals. The Soviets were successful during World War II, which resulted in the growth of the economy, nationalism, communist movement, as well as the need for nuclear power. Although the Soviet Union culminated great economic prosperity and power during World War II

Does Head of the Bed Elevation of 45 Degrees Vs Supine Position Prevent Aspiration and the Development Of Pneumonia in Ventilator Dependent Patient's?

1475 words - 6 pages Pneumonia is an infection that causes the air sacs in one or both of the lungs to become inflamed. These air sacs are responsible for gas exchange. When they are filled with fluid or pus this causes a cough and difficulty of breathing. Many things such as aspiration, a prolonged hospital stay, bacteria, fungi, or viruses including the common cold can cause pneumonia. Some of the risk factors for developing pneumonia are age greater then 65

The Soviet Union and the Legacy of Communist Rule

1737 words - 7 pages The Soviet Union and the Legacy of Communist Rule The December of 1991 marked the end of the Soviet Union—and with it, an entire era. Like the February Revolution of 1917 that ended tsardom, the events leading up to August 1991 took place in rapid succession, with both spontaneity and, to some degree, retrospective inevitability. To understand the demise of Soviet Union is to understand the communist party-state system itself. Although the

The Improability and Preventions of a Soviet Germany

1009 words - 5 pages In the first quarter of the 20th century, Russia and Germany faced very similar conditions in the courses of their history: a lost international war, a domestic economic crisis, the fast spread of Marxist ideas and the decline of the old monarchy; however these conditions in Russia led to a Soviet country while in Germany it was a social democratic republic that slowly gave way to fascism. As Russia and Germany shared many cultural ties in the

Collapse of the Soviet Union

1001 words - 4 pages states.Gorbachev's attempt at democratising the totalitarian Soviet system backfired on him as the Soviet republics began to revolt against Moscow's control. This was not a case of economic and political crisis producing liberalisation and democratisation. Rather, it was liberalisation and democratisation that brought the regime to crisis point.After coming to power, Gorbachev implemented a domestic economic reforms that he hoped would improve


885 words - 4 pages DISMANTLING OF THE SOVIET UNION Introduction The fall of the once might soviet union was as a result unwarranted succession of events. There is a likelihood of some arguing that a certain even led to the dismantling but this would be a fallacious assertion. Dismantling of the Soviet Union The Soviet Union was one of the three strongest nations in the world. Between 1964 and 1982, the Soviet Union competed militarily with the world’s best. The

Similar Essays

The Causes Of The Soviet Union's Collapse

1200 words - 5 pages The Causes of the Soviet Union's Collapse Following the collapse of the Soviet Union a great deal of debate has ensued as to what caused the Soviet empire's demise both within the former Soviet Union and amongst scholars worldwide. Various theories have been published amongst scholars attempting to explain and pinpoint the flaws in the Soviet system and the forces that drove the Soviet Union to a brisk and catastrophic collapse. Economic

The Elevation Of The Cross Essay

1504 words - 7 pages A tool used for self-expression, art is rich with personal stories and cultural enlightenment; art is an effective source of communication as each stroke of an artistic tool on a template exudes the thoughts and feelings of the creator. As a prolific artist and one of the most notable Flemish painters, Peter Paul Rubens’ The Elevation of the Cross struck a chord with his audience as he “created a style that was entirely original and universally

The Elevation Of Drug Use Essay

1276 words - 6 pages It’s been nearly 20 years since my high school graduation. Just as time has passed, technology has advanced, and so has the elevation of drug use. As I reflect back in regards to the drug taking behavior I can recall that there was a stereotype of those who were labeled drug users. Several factors contributed to using drugs, but the one factor that was and still prevalent was peer pressure. This is a time in the adolescent’s life when peer

The Causes Of The End Of The Cold War And The Fall Of The Soviet Union

819 words - 3 pages words. The Cold War didn’t just end and the Soviet Union didn’t just fall, there were many causes of these events. The main causes were politicians and the fall of the Berlin Wall. There were many politicians that were in the office during the Cold War, but the ones that caused the end of the Cold War and the Soviet Union were Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan. Mikhail Gorbachev was the General Secretary of the Soviet Union from 1985-1991. He