Causes And Lasting Effects Of The Black Death

822 words - 4 pages

The Black Death was an infectious disease that spread through medieval Europe and Asia. In medieval times from the 5th to the 15 century, most cities did not have a board of health so the streets were filled with garbage, waste and sewage. People lived in close, cramped houses surrounded by dirt roads. There were no hospitals, the old and sickly were brought into wooden huts with no doctors or medicine or anything. When the Black Death hit it was a catastrophe. People had never seen anything like it. People went delirious and within 8 days they were dead. In some towns more than half the people were killed. It was estimated that anywhere between 30 and 60 percent of the population died. Over ...view middle of the document...

Since most of the population was wiped out, there was a need for manual labor. So instead they invented new ways to do things. For example, they invented the movable printing press rather than write each book by hand, which gave someone the idea to invent the printers that we use today. They invented the waterwheel and wind mills to spin gears which in effect do something. The Chinese used this to build an Armillary sphere that rotated every few hours, this led to the concept of time keeping and eventually the clock. The hospitals also improved rather than being huts with dirt floors they begin to make buildings and trained doctors. Many people also studied medicine and they started to make vaccines. They invented a vaccine for chickenpox by giving someone uninfected a small dose of cowpox. This built up their immune system to fight of human smallpox. More and better vaccines kept coming out and now we have a cure for almost every disease in the world. Besides inventions and vaccines the Black Death also took Europe out of the middle ages.
After the Roman and Byzantine empires fell the land was taken over by barbaric tribes. The tribes were always fighting with each other for land and power. The tribes lived in a city where power was held by a small group of wealthy nobles and the church....

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