Causes And Treatments For Anorexia Essay

1014 words - 4 pages

Anorexia Nervosa, a mental illness in which a person has a severe and constant fear of gaining weight and a vague observation of their actual weight and body shape. People with this illness believe themselves to be fat even when their weight is so low that their health is in danger. A person with anorexia nervosa often refuses to eat anything and usually becomes extremely thin after a period of time.As a mental illness, this disease deals with the emotions of the patient. Therefore, people with anorexia often need a lot of psychological support. And since curing Anorexia requires an intensive long-term treatment program, it is always best to request treatment from a team of physicians that are experienced in this area. The team should consist of a doctor that would treat the medical problems that were brought up by starvation, a psychiatrist and a dietitian. And it is always very important to know that anorexia does not only affect the one individual with anorexia, but this is a difficult time in which the whole family must go through together. So it is very important for the family to give as much support to the patient as possible, as this source of support is very often the difference between achieving success or failure through the treatment.Anorexia nervosa is treated primarily through psychotherapy. However, as in many cases, since the medical complications that have been brought up by this mental disorder are frequently so serious that trying to stabilize the patient's physical condition is very often the first step of the whole treatment process. Some patients are taken to the hospital for this treatment. Weight gain, most often the hardest part to achieve successfully throughout the whole process, is the primary goal for restoring a patient's physical health. Physicians may suggest an increase in the amount of food that a patient would take, the correct amount of nutritional supplements that a patient would consume everyday, and instruct a patient not to exercise, as it is very often the technique in which most people with anorexia would use to loss weight. In the most severe cases, especially when a patient refuses to eat any food, nutrients or take in any kinds of fluids, they would very most likely receive the "watch-dog" treatment, where they would be observed and administered closely 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.And as it is in most cases, since the patients don't eat anything for a long period of time, they often lack the necessary nutrients and minerals that the organs or the body would need everyday in order to operate properly. Therefore, female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone are often used through the process to help restore the bone mass and strength that had been lost when the patient was starving herself. Antidepressants and other medications are sometimes used to treat depression and anxiety. With treatment, many of the medical complications of anorexia nervosa can be reversed.Numerous forms of psychotherapy are...

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