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Causes And Us Involvement In World War I

2145 words - 9 pages

OutlineI. IntroductionA. QuoteB. Question: What events caused the world to go to war? Why did the United States become involved?II. BodyA. Nationalism and ImperialismB. Assassination of Archduke Francis FerdinandC. The United States and the War1. Neutrality2. Trade3. U-boatsIII. ConclusionA. Mention most important pointsB. Answer questionIV. BibliographyIntroductionOn the day of April 2, 1917 President Woodrow Wilson went before Congress asking for a declaration of war.It is a fearful thing to lead this great peaceful nation into war, into the most terrible and disastrous of all wars, civilization itself seeming to be in balance. But the right is more precious than peace, and we shall fight for the things which we carry nearest our hearts, -- for democracy, for the right of those who submit to authority to have a voice in their own government, for the rights and liberties of small nations, for a universal dominion of right by such a concert of free peoples as shall bring peace and safety to all nations and make the world itself at last free. (Divine, Breen, Fredrickson, and Williams 703).Nationalism along with the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand may have pushed foreign countries to war, while the United States entered the war for yet other reasons. What events caused the world to go to war? Why did the United States become involved?World War 1: Reasons behind the War and United States involvementNationalism and ImperialismMajor factors causing tensions in Europe, before World War 1, were the feelings of loyalty to one's country (Nationalism). Nationalistic feelings resulted in the idea that people of the same ethnic origin, language, and political ideas had the right to independent states. These ideas allowed Greece, Montenegro, Serbia, Romania, and Albania to gain their independence ( World Book Encyclopedia 243). Though they had independence they did not have peace. All the countries were quarreling with their neighbors over boundaries. Nationalism strengthened many countries, but did not strengthen the countries of Austria - Hungary, Russia, And Ottoman Turkey. This was due to the fact that these empires ruled many national groups that wanted independence. The idea of nationalism was still a problem in other parts of Europe and caused many tensions. The tension was illustrated in the countries ability to turn small disputes into major issues ( ' The First World war: Cause and Course' 242 ) Nationalism allowed people to gain a sense of pride. This pride convinced many people to vote, which lead to the very powerful parliamentary governments. Nationalism encouraged support for military build-up and a countries use of force to achieve it's goals. This lead to the expansion of military might near the borders of most countries. After a visit to Europe, Colonel Edward M. House reported to President Wilson, ' It is jingoism [extreme nationalism] run stark mad ... There is too much hatred too many jealousies ' ( Divine, Breen, Fredrickson,...

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