Causes, Effects, And Solutions Of Global Warming

3666 words - 15 pages

Abstract
There needs to be a reduction if not extinction with the increasing amounts of carbon dioxide, methane, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), per-fluorocarbons (PFCs) and nitrous oxide into the atmosphere because it is directly affecting global warming. The combustion of fossil fuels and greenhouse emissions mainly contribute to the increase of these gases. The longer we go without solving this global problem the more conflicts we will have in the future. Although global warming does make the earth warmer there is more to worry about than heating to death. Major concerns revolve around effects on agriculture, water resources, ocean level and coastal regions, and disease. Many scientists and experimenters still disagree with global warming using excuses such as ‘primitive’ climate models, which predict global warming trends, can not accurately simulate the Earth; it is too difficult because there are thousands of variables to consider. With the issue of global warming alternative sources of energy are looked for. “Data indicates that hydrogen is [the] only suitable future fuel.” (Williams, 102). Many scientists agree, but how long will it take for us to get there?

As we approach the future we are faced with many global problems. Most of these problems arise because we have caused them ourselves. We need to face these problems and find a solution. Global warming, although most often overlooked in importance, is a crucial problem of the future directly related to human activities. Global warming is caused by gases humans release into the atmosphere called anthropogenic gases and by deforestation. Anthropogenic gases include carbon dioxide, methane, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), per-fluorocarbons (PFCs) and nitrous oxide. The amounts of anthropogenic gases are increasing in our atmosphere from human activities such as fossil fuel combustion, deforestation, and greenhouses. There needs to be a reduction if not an extinction with the increasing amounts of anthropogenic sources into the atmosphere because it is directly affecting global warming. The longer we go without solving this global problem the more conflicts we will have in the future.

To understand more about how increasing amounts of anthropogenic gases are mixing into our atmosphere is important to know their origin. The most common anthropogenic gas released into our atmosphere is carbon dioxide. It comes from a variety of sources, but mostly the combustion of any fossil fuel. “About three-quarters of anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide during the past twenty years is due to fossil fuel burning” (Harf, 147). During combustion, carbon in hydrocarbons is oxidized to carbon dioxide and released into the atmosphere. Carbon dioxide is also released when solid waste and wood are burned, and from greenhouse emissions. The exact destination of carbon dioxide once released into the atmosphere is not well known,...

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