Causes of Egypt Crisis Essay

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Dated on November 22, 2012, after President Mohamed Morsi, the president of Egypt issued a temporary constitutional declaration that limited the powers of the judiciary as the president's decisions were final and cannot be changed until the new parliament has been elected, thousands of citizens that protested and demonstrate as the act of against the president declaration. President Mohamed Morsi claimed that the declaration is necessary to protect the Constituent Assembly of Egypt from judicial interference that appointed during the ex-President Hosni Mubarak era. It was a diverse movement of demonstrations, riots, non-violent civil resistance and acts of civil disobedience. As the result, the demonstration had turned out to be violent with hundreds of death and injuries. It was organized by the opposition party that entirely against the President Mohamed Morsi and was form by several organizations and individuals that consist of liberals, secularists and Christians. Eventually, Morsi’s advisers also had resigned as the act of protest to the Morsi’s constitutional declaration. But on the June 30, 2013, on the first anniversary of the election of President Morsi, tens of thousands protestor had gathered down to demand the resignation of the President Morsi. On July, 3, 2013, the Egyptian army or called as Egyptian Armed Forces had taken over the authorization of Egypt and declared the end of the presidential era of President Mohamed Morsi and thus began the military coup that result of the shutdown of several media outlets that claimed as the Morsi’s supporter including Al-Jazeera television network. Also by the same statement, the military stated that there will be a new election for the president and the constitutional will be suspended. As for temporary, the president place had been placed with Adly Mansour until the new election began. By then, hundreds of Morsi supporters had been killed during the demonstrations by the military and this statement had been denied by the Egyptian army even though there were told by the eyewitnesses and local residents.
The Egypt crisis started on November 2012, which caused for a many factors. One of the factors is when the Egypt revolution happened on January, 25, 2011, President Hosni Mubarak had been taken down and President Mohamed Morsi had taken over the government with winning the majority of votes during the election. Then, President Mohamed Morsi, declared that he had made a constitutional declaration which affected all the judiciary powers and gives him the unlimited power to rule the country. The declaration is stated as “final and unchallengeable by any individual or body until a new constitution has been ratified and a new parliament has been elected.” Hearing the statement of his, protesters from all around the Egypt had gathered down at the parliamentary palace and started a demonstration claiming President Mohamed Morsi to cancel the decree. It is due to Morsi had promised to head a...

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