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Causes Of Industrial Revolution Essay

1376 words - 6 pages

Many changes occurred in the course of the Industrial Revolution. These changes were a way of improvement for the people's living condition and also satisfied their needs. These changes were mainly political, social and economic. When Industrial Revolution first began in the 1700's, people began to make new inventions. Great machines from people like Richard Arkwright, required man-power to run it. That and other similar issues made the country people move to cities in search of work. When cities got crowded with the factory-workers, the living conditions started going from bad to worse. Also the days were long and the treatment at work was very bad. These made new ideas from people like Mr. Mill and Marx and Engels emerge and people took steps to get their demands fulfilled. Trade unions started forming and the state had to finally step in and recognize the worker's needs. They placed in laws so that the ill treatment of the workers doesn't happen again.In the 1400's when England started to expand overseas, the demand for goods such as clothing, food, etc. increased greatly. After a certain point, the domestic manufacturers couldn't handle the growing demands. This inspired my inventors to design machines of mass productions and also at the same time inspired the entrepreneurs to invest their money in them. Two another reasons for this boom were cheap food and the growing population. Cheap food meant more people and these people had extra money to spent, which they spent on goods like clothing and food. This started up the Industrial Revolution in England. Inventions that used water, coal and steam started showing up in the new factories and on the tracks of train and on the rivers. Transportation was changed drastically. Also coal was near the surface in Britain, this made it easy to dig it up and because of good transportation, easy to ship it to different parts. Another advantage the British had been a good stable government, which had already after the Civil war and the Glorious Revolution in the 1600's entitled many rights to the people. This inspired people to try and make profit out of their work. When all the new inventions were placed in factories, and the production started, workers were needed. People started moving from the country to the cities, employment percent increased and the living style got better, for a while. Also, the shifting of political power from the former agricultural power into the industrial power, middle class jobs opened up.When too many workers crammed into big cities in the late 1700's and the early 1800's, the life started getting real bad. Sewer problems, bad food, pollution in the air, unsanitary environment just caused the workers to get sick and not work so well. Also the treatment at the factories was getting worse. Workers were beaten cruelly. People like William Kershner and Samuel Coulson were beaten everyday if their work was satisfactory. There was nothing they could do about it, because if they...

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