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Causes Of The Civil War Essay

625 words - 3 pages

Clashes between the North and the South posed threats to the United States in the mid-1800s, and eventually caused the Civil War to break out between the two groups. Several causes led to the temporary secession of the South from the Union, and the beginning of the Confederacy. Of the many reasons for the start of the Civil War, the central motives were slavery, regional differences, and economic strife.

One cause of the Civil War was slavery. Document N elucidates the majority of the votes per state from the election of 1860. In the lead is Abraham Lincoln who was against the expansion of slavery. Next in popularity and electoral votes was J.C. Breckenridge, a pro-slavery Southerner (Map N). As illustrated by the map, the majority of the Northern states voted for the candidate who believed in the abolishment of slavery, Abraham Lincoln, and the Southern states voted for the competitor who believed in the continuation of slavery, J.C. Breckenridge. Ultimately, Abraham Lincoln won the election, angering Southerners who then separated themselves from the Union and founded the Confederate states. Moreover, the lithograph, "America on Stone", made by Henry T. Peters, depicts an angry Preston Brooks beating Senator Charles Sumner with a cane after Sumner criticized the ways of the South (Peters K). As can be inferred, the picture portrayed one of the many conflicts that arose due to diverging opinions on the morality of slavery.

Besides having contrasting opinions on slavery, both groups were greatly affected by regional differences. The Northerners were fixated on industry and were in charge of “Almost every article of utility and adornment” (Helper C), wherein the Southerners were highly dependent on the North for public improvements, and were faced by endless competition between themselves and the Northern states. This can be furthermore proved by the quote:...

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