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Causes Of The Outbreak Of The American Civil War

1770 words - 7 pages

Causes of The Outbreak of the American Civil War

The deep south had strong opinions on issues on which the south had
other feeling on, one of the main issues was that of slavery. The
north had an obvious disagreement with the south over the issue of
slavery, this started at the very beginning of the union with the
south saying that slaves had been used for years in ancient Greece and
Rome. Southerners felt that it was a more distinguished way of life
and thought that the north did not like the idea of slavery as they
were more interested in saving the money for themselves. Abolitionists
formed a group, at first they were a group of middle class women who
thought that they were helping a good cause, this was later followed
by groups of politicians and other men in high status's. Abolitionists
were feared by the south and stories were told by the press of how
they were trying to take the slaves away from the south and were
attempting to start a slave rebellion. The south did not realise that
many abolitionists were still racist and a man names Garrison, who was
an extreme and controversial abolitionist scared the south as his view
on slavery was that it was a sin and he wanted told abolition. The
south feared that if the black slaves were to become free, that a race
war would start and whites might become inferior to the blacks.

Other issues connected to slavery which helped the start the break out
of civil war, was the topic of expansion. Many people felt that the
federal government had no control over which territories would become
free and which would become slave, this caused much tension between
North and South as neither knew how to decide which way the
territories went. In 1819 there was an even amount of free and slave
states, when Missouri applied to join the union as a slave state, many
northerners opposed the idea. If the south were to get this
territories it would mean that the number of seats in congress would
be uneven, and slave states would be more powerful in congress than
the free states. As a compromise the government decided that Maine
would join the union at the same time as Missouri but would join as a
free state insuring the number of seats on congress remained the same.
This situation threatened both the north and south but did not lead
them to had a disagreement that would cause either to act in a violent
way. At the same time a treaty was signed to say that no slave states
could admitted over the line 36 30. This can be seen as the first
divide between the North and the South. When this decisions was made,
it was disputed by the south that congress was able to make decisions
involving the territories. Other territories which caused problems for
the north and the south was the annexation of Texas, southerners
wanted it to split from Mexico as the area could...

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