Causes of the Russian Revolution
Consider the following causes of the October 1917 Russian Revolution:
Poor Living and Working Conditions
Effects of the First World War
The Appeal of Lenin and the Bolsheviks
The Limitations of the 1917 Provisional Government
Was any one of these causes more important than the others to the
Bolsheviks’ seizure of power in 1917? Explain your answer.
A1. When the Bolsheviks seized power in the October Russian
Revolution, the country was in complete turmoil. Every one was unhappy
about something and things weren’t going so well for the Royal family
and the aristocracy. The ongoing First World War with Russia was
despised by the army, the terrible working conditions were unbearable
for the industrial workers in the cities and the rich had all the best
farming land which was hated by the peasants. This was the situation
when the Bolsheviks, given Lenin as their leader, seized power and
made to form a Communist nation from the philosophy of Karl Marx.
In the cities, under the tall exhaust masts of factories laid millions
of industrial workers who lived in atrocious conditions. They worked
for up to 14 hours a day and received extremely low wages. Also, the
Russian factories were not up to date and were not efficient at all.
After a day like that, they hardy had any time for entertainment or
any money left for the basic needs. The workers could not do anything
about this as strikes were considered a mutiny and were crush with
extreme force. The Bolsheviks used this for their own ends by
promising a better deal with more money, more bread, more land and
peace. They said that they will shorten the working day to eight hours
and will set a minimum wage. This attracted the working class even
more than the Provisional government as Kerensky did not do enough for
the Russian people.
The First World War was a terrible blow to Russia. Even before the war
everyone knew that Russia was not ready and the majority had the
perception that Russia was forced into a war with Germany because of
Serbia. When the war started, it was greeted with some enthusiasm but
it soon became clear that the Russian industry was too far behind the
standards of the time and could not cope with an expensive war. The
army was not well supported or equipped to fight the more advance
German forces and was often...