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Causes Of The 1905 Revolution Essay

1411 words - 6 pages

Causes of the 1905 Revolution

In 1905 was a vast but backward country. Compared to Britain, Russia's
industry were undeveloped, also its people were poor and uneducated.
It was ruled by A Tsar who had complete power over the country. In
Britain it is a totally a different story, most of the people were
well off, not rich and not poor. Also the industry was the driving
force of the country. The vast majority of the country population
(80%) were Peasants who lived in poverty, living and working
conditions were dreadful for most Peasants. Famine and starvation was
very common and in some regions the life expectancy of Peasants was 40
years of age. Although this may be true, there were also some
prosperous Peasants, they were called Kulaks. Kulak's would have jobs
like Landlord or Farmer.

Although many Peasants were loyal to their Tsar, not all were. Many
were discontented with about the land owned by the Aristocracy, the
church and the Tsar. They wanted more land of their own to farm 80% of
the population were Peasants. The Tsar believed that God had placed
him in that position, at first he made many promises to his people
that he will be loyal and do what is best for them, as he knew what
was right for everybody. He ended up making many mistakes; firstly he
kept on interfering in every little thing with the government,
secondly he personally answered letters from peasants. He even wrote
out the instructions for the royal car to be brought round.
Substantially, he was the last Tsar (Monarch and King.) The power that
the Tsar had was immaculate, but he used it in the wrong places. The
Tsar could of easily given the Peasants a better wage, life, and also
more land, but he used it for his Okrahana (Russian secret police.)
Most of Russia's land was unsuitable for farming, as a result land was
in very short supply because, by the early 1900's the population was
growing very fast. Each Peasant family was given a strip of land in
one of the fields near or far away from them, this was different for
the Aristocracy. They were the people who owned about 25% of the land,
the Tsars government thought that they were one of the most important
part of the population in Russia. The Peasants got jealous, at the
Aristocracy, which was one of the points for all the rebelling and
protesting.

From the late 19th century, Russian Tsars had been keen for Russia, to
become an industrial power. Policies were introduced that led to a
rapid industrial growth, some Peasants left the land to work in these
new industries. This lead to over crowding, in the cities. Workers had
to endure long hours, low pay and atrocious working conditions. Other
type of people were coming looking for a new life, over in Moscow, but
their living conditions hardly changed. Unlike every other European
country, there were no...

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