Question: In what ways did the causes of the Second World War differ from the First World War?
The causes of World War One are extensively different from the ones of World War Two. Although, both wars were catastrophic, the causes of the first war were about the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and the July Crisis, and alliances between the European nations. While, the Second World War’s cause was Germany’s expansionist aims and Hitler’s book, Mein Kampf, the failure of Collective security along with the failure of the League of Nations, and also one major cause would be appeasement. In WW1, the terrorist attack of a Serbian nationalist caused the ignition of flames that were set across Europe.
The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary led to the July Crisis. A crisis in which, Austria sent an Ultimatum to Serbia, with requirement to be followed. Serbia accepted most but not all of Austria’s demands. Serbia’s decline of the Ultimatum led to Austria-Hungary declaring war on the Serbs. Another key event in the July Crisis was Austria-Hungary sending a “blank cheque” to Germany. This cheque meant to ask if Germany would help Austria-Hungary if they went to war. Germany agreed to the “blank cheque”. As Austria-Hungary went to war against Serbia; Serbia had alliances with France, Russia, Italy, and the Ottoman Empire to join the war on their side. Germany knowing that Russia was mobilizing its army, Kaiser Wilhelm II, sent a letter to Russia’s leader. Tsar Nicholas II ignored the letter and kept on mobilizing its army. Therefore, Germany put forth the Schlieffen plan, written in 1904 by Alfred von Schlieffen. This plan’s principle was getting German troops through Belgium and then the troops into France. As Belgian territory was invaded by Germany, Great Britain joined the war on Belgium’s side through a treaty: 1839 Treaty of London. World War One’s immediate cause was the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand leading to the July crisis and Ultimatums not being accepted. Germany could also be a cause when it agreed to the “blank cheque”. The most important cause was the numerous alliances between various countries in Europe.
World War Two was caused by Germany’s governments’ expansionate aims created or influenced by Hitler and his book, Mein Kampf. This book was written while he was in prison and published later in 1925. His book explained, Germany conquering or taking over, Poland, Czechoslovakia, and finally Russia. After conquering these countries they would be turned into farmland and ample living space for the German population. Hitler introduced this plan shortly after coming into power to his fellow government associates. He ordered execution if any individual was not in favour with his plan allowing him to get rid of any backstabbing, he would later encounter in his dictatorship. WW1 and WW2 were different in their causes because the first one was based on an assassination and how the assassination was...