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Causes, Symptoms And Difficulties Associated With Dyslexia

1001 words - 5 pages

The term dyslexia refers to a learning disorder characterized by difficulty reading. It is a learning disability that alters the way the brain processes written material. Difficulties in word recognition, spelling, decoding and reading comprehension make it even more difficult. This disability alters the way the brain processes written material. People with dyslexia not only have trouble with reading and spelling they also can struggle with writing. Dyslexia is the most common type of learning disability.
There are 3 points of dyslexia I would like to discuss; causes of, symptoms and difficulties that people with dyslexic face. All of these points are important in helping you to understand and learn about this disability.
Let’s start with some of the theories believed to contribute to this disability. Scientist do not know the exact cause of dyslexia, but the they know that genes play a role in the condition because the disability runs in the families. Additional causes suggested for dyslexia are brain damage and inherited neurological abnormalities which are not associated with brain damage. However, the most common causes of dyslexia are believed to be brain injuries, stoke or other types of injury. A brain injury doesn’t necessarily refer to an accident, it can also be a result of lack of oxygen during birth. As you can see there are several things that can contribute to someone having this learning disability.
The symptoms of dyslexia as I mentioned include struggling with reading and writing. Dyslexia is often applied to persons who habitually reverse letters of words, reading “saw” for “was”, for example; or reverse the letters themselves, reading “b” for “d” and “p” for “q”. Illegible handwriting and poor spelling together with an average or above average of intelligence are just a few more signs of dyslexia. There are several things that can contribute to a writing problems that dyslexia people experience. It can be because writing instructions were given while the dyslexic was disoriented. Sometimes poor writing is used to cover up the spelling problems or other deficiencies. Sometimes simply because writing instructions were given when the dyslexic was disoriented. They need to focus hard in order to put their words on paper and if they are overwhelmed this can be quite the challenge for them. Things can become jumbled and become difficult to sort through. When they try to hurry it makes their writing even more illegible. It is important for them to go at their own pace and have encouragement to get through it. They often struggle with homework and need extra help themselves to avoid frustrations.

There can be many negative difficulties associated with dyslexia that children have to overcome besides reading. Children with these difficulties tend to avoid reading as much as possible because it is so hard for them which causes them to fall...

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