Do you have a cell phone? Your answer is most likely a yes. Underlying question is, do cell phones cause cancer?
The number of cell phone users has increased rapidly and continuing to grow. ” As of 2010, there were more than 303 million subscribers to cell phone service in the United States, according to the Cellular Telecommunications and Internet Association. This is a nearly threefold increase from the 110 million users in 2000” (Cell Phones and Cancer Risk). That means currently 96% of the United States has a cell phone. Cells phones aren’t just becoming significantly more poplar in the U.S, “There are 6.8 billion people on the planet. 5.1 billion of them own a cell phone, but only 4.2 billion own a toothbrush” (Hopkins). Twenty years ago you would have never heard of someone having a cell phone over a necessary hygiene product, this says a lot about our todays culture.
With more and more people having cell phones, the more people use and depend on their cell phones. The average person uses their phone for 300 minutes a day, about five hours of just being on your phone. This includes phone calls, texting, using apps and just simply checking your phone (Lepp, Andrew, et al, 5). Checking your phones means “unlocking it” when you have no notifications. The average people do this is about nine times an hour. “…the average phone user checks his or her phone up to 150 times per day” (Warzel).
With more cell phone use the more people are exposed to the radiation they give off. Cell phones give off a microwave radiation, a non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation, and with the uprising of cell phones it has a potential threat to human health. “The microwaves from cellular phones almost contain all the bands of electromagnetic spectrum, which can produce extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (EMF). EMFs can influence neuronal functions, including regulation of synaptic plasticity, neurotransmitter release, neuronal survival, learning, and memory” (Jing, Ji, et al, 58).
Many tests have been conducted on cell phone radiation to a living body. Like many scientist have done this experiments on rats, such as, Experimental Animal Research Center of Inonu University. In their experiment they had thirty-six male rats randomly placed into four groups. Each group of rats were exposed to different amounts of microwave radiation, the same as cell phones give off, for twenty days. After the twenty days the group they had the most exposure to the radiation results did change. The rats blood pressure, heart rate and oxidative stress levels all increased. However, they did not increase significantly enough to be alarmed. “… it is not clear whether this technology has any hazardous effect on the body” (Colak, 630-636).
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