LANGUAGE AWARENESSGRAMMATICAL STRUCTURE: Present PerfectThey have lived in Singapore for two years.
Auxiliary have [ 3rd person] + lived [ past participle of main verb]
Positive:I/you/we/they + have [ 3rd person] + lived [ p. p. of main v.] in Singapore for two years.He/she + has [3rd person, singular] + lived [ p. p. of main v.] in Singapore for two years.Negative:I/you/we/they + haven't [ 3rd person] + lived [ p. p. of main v.] in Singapore for two years.He/she + hasn't [3rd person, singular] + lived [ p. p. of main v.] in Singapore for two years.Question:Have [ 3rd person] + I/you/we/they + lived [ p. p. of main verb] in Singapore for two years?Has [3rd person, singular] + he/she + lived [ p. p. of main verb] in Singapore for two years?Meaning: Completed/repeated action in the past with result at present.CCQ: Did they start living in Singapore in 2010?Are they still living in Singapore?Is it important when exactly they start living in Singapore?
[hӕv] - strong form
[hǝv] - weak form
Talking about past experience people have done without specific moment in the past.
Countries and places the students have visited.
Use of Past Simple tense instead of Present Perfect or v.v. - controlled practice activities focused on the structure with adverbs of definite and indefinite time.
Using of strong form when pronouncing the structure in connected speech => apply drills.
Teaching to an Upper-Intermediate level class: First the teacher may give examples.The teacher will elicit the rule and write it on the board and meaning will be discussed. It's good of the teacher also draw the following table:FUNCTIONAL EXPONENT: Conditional sentenceForm: 1st conditionalIf you meet him again, I'll leave the town.If you meet him again - is the conditional clause [If+ Present Simple].I'll leave the town - is the main clause [Future Simple will + infinitive].Conditional clause: If + subject + Present Simple verbMain clause: subject + will + verbMeaning: The first conditional is used to inform about things which are possible to happen in the present or in the future => something that may happenCCQ: Are you going to leave the town if you see him again?If I have a dog, I'll go for a walk. Maybe I will have a dog - that's possible.He'll be happy, if he wins the lottery. Maybe he will win the lottery - that's possible.If you invite me, I'll come. Maybe you will invite me - that's possibleUse: To talk about present/future experience to express aspects of persuasion, to give a warming or threaten somebody.For Example: If you interrupt me again, I won't finish the story.Pronunciation: is used in casual conversation.Teaching: I will elicit the rule on the board and I will ask students to record it into their notes. I can use controlled practice by matching sentences. Students can work in pairs then I will ask them to swap with different partner and get feedback.Anticipated...