Cen Asia Essay

2479 words - 10 pages

PAGE 1 RESTRICTED PAGE 9 PAGE 14 RESTRICTED
CENTRAL ASIA AND PAKISTAN THROUGH THE AGES1. Kushanas. The Kushanas encouraged large-scale urbanization period of the Great Kushanas is the Golden Age in the ancient history of Pakistan and Central Asia. It is they who introduced the new social decorum in our country. Their official dress, Shalwar, Kamiz and Sherwani, has become the national dress of Pakistan. The style of turban that was then in vogue is still in use in Pakistan.2. Gandharan. The Gandharan art is no doubt the finest gift ofthe Kushanas to world civilization and it is this art that spread from Gandharan to the whole of Central Asia. At Termez large number of inscriptions in the Buddhist establishments speak of historical links with the then people of Pakistan.3. Greeks. Greeks in Central Asia and later in Pakistan, re-established many urban centers, such a Pushkalavati (modern Charsadda) and Taxila in Pakistan. It is these Asianised Greeks who continued to hold political power from roughly 250 B.C to 50 BC There is hardly any trace of the Greeks now in this part. Certainly they did not go back to their original homeland. They integrated into the local population. They have been rediscovered with the help of their coins and inscriptions4. Aryans. Iranians brought this region under their control and in subsequent period of history, the Indus people became inseparably linked with the peoples of Central Asia culturally as well as ethnically. This long perspective of history has left deep historical linkage between the peoples of Central Asia and Pakistan.5. Mehmood Ghazni. It is the Samanid rulers of the Bokhara, who sent down their Amirs to Ghazni, one of whom, Sultan Mahmud of Gazni, integrated the present Pakistan into his empire and thus paved the way for Persian. Lahore, City-on-the-Ravi, came into prominence for the first time and the entire enthno-cultural life of then Pakistan was remolded in the pattern of Central Asia.6. Seljuqs. From architectural point of view there were lot of commonalties of the monuments seen at Multan. Similarly many Seljuq designs are seen in the monuments of Mohra Sharif in Dera Ismail Khan district. It seems that the artisans and architects from the Seljuq empire traveled to our country and helped in building local monuments.7. Scythians. In the first century B.C the Scythians entered Pakistan from the side of Kyrgizstan and Tajikstan across the Pamir towards Gilgit and Taxila. Scythians introduced here a particular hair style as noted in the sculptures of this period from Taxila.8. Huns. Huns built up a mighty empire in Central Asia from Kazakhstan to Iran and even spread out to Europe. One of their branches built a strong kingdom in the Indus region. It is along with the Huns that many other tribes, such as the Jats and Gujjars, entered Pakistan. The Pashtun tribes in Afghanistan and Pakistan also followed the Hunish system of tribal ownership. Their name ending 'Gul' is even now in wider use among the...

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