Censorship of the Internet
The Internet offers a huge wealth of information, both good and bad. The Internet began as a small university network in the United States and since then has blossomed into one of the biggest if not the biggest telecommunications network covering the entire world. It can be considered as one of the most valuable types of technology. During the past several years we have come to become more and more dependent on the Internet and in particular moving huge chunks of data across large distances. The Internet allows people to communicate with each other across the world within mere fractions of seconds with the help of E-mail. The Internet also allows for expressing opinions and obtaining up-to-date information from the World-Wide-Web. New software is being developed everyday which uses Internet as the carrier for long distance voice calls and video conferencing which would hold the key to the future of our society.
The Internet is ruled by no governing body and it is an open society for ideas to be developed and shared in. Unfortunately, every society has its downside and the Internet is no exception. The nature of the Internet makes policing this new domain practically impossible. During the past few years the Government has stepped in to control this form of communication. This issue of whether it is necessary to have censorship on the Internet is being argued all over the world. Censorship would damage the freelance atmosphere on the Internet where freedom to express ideas is what most of us enjoy so much. If the Government steps and ceases control of the Internet it wouldn’t be any different than Communism or even Dictatorship. Therefore our Government should not encourage censorship. To understand the many layers to this problem, we need to first understand the history behind this great invention.
Birth of the Internet
During the Cold War era, the American military started developing ideas as to how it would protect itself from an attack where communications would not go down even if the center of the network would be attacked. So the solution was that their network would have no central authority. They began developing the idea of nodes in different locations making up a huge network where they would all have equal status, each one having its own authority to originate, pass and receive messages. The messages itself would be broken down into smaller units or packets, each of these separately addressed. Each packet would begin at some source node and end at some other destination node. But the most important aspect of this network was that it didn’t matter what route each of these packets took as long as they reached their final destination. So this solved the problem that even if huge parts of the network were destroyed the message would still reach the destination taking a different route. This system seemed to be very efficient as compared to the phone system.
In I969 the first such node was...