This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Central Asia After 2014 Essay

2159 words - 9 pages

Russia’s Military Security Positions, SCTO and SCO

Regardless of its security problems at home, Russia continues to seek and strengthen its military positions in its neighborhood. Ahead of the ISAF withdrawal from Afghanistan, the Kremlin is preparing to boost its military presence in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. In September 2011, Moscow achieved consent from Dushanbe to extend the agreement on hosting its military base in Tajikistan by 49 years. The agreement is expected to be signed in early 2012. The Russian base in Tajikistan was established in 2005 as the successor to the former 201st Motorized Rifle Division from the Soviet period. The country hosts the second largest Russian military base (5,000 – 7,000 troops.)

Moscow also wants to install Russian border guards on the Tajik-Afghanistan border, criticizing Tajikistan for its incapacity to control drug smuggling from Afghanistan. Roughly 95 metric tons of drugs pass through Central Asia from Afghanistan and only 5 metric tons are intercepted in the region. Russia is concerned about the import of drugs to its own territory, as most of them are sold on the Russian market.

The Kremlin is pressing Kyrgyzstan to sign a 49-year lease on the Kant airbase. Moscow has proposed to merge its five military facilities in Kyrgyzstan into a single base to be deployed on gratis terms for 49 years with the possibility of a 25-year extension. The new Kyrgyz president Almazbek Atambayev is likely to agree in exchange for a $30-million loan from Russia and a $256-million loan from the Eurasec anti-crisis fund, as well as $180-million in loan forgiveness from Russia. In 2011, Kyrgyzstan cancelled any lease payments on the airbase in exchange for lower cost fuel imports from Russia. With the help of Eurasec money, Russia will obtain other lucrative deals. Gazprom will gain control over Kyrgyzstan’s state gas company, a Gazprom-controlled joint venture will supply 50% of the fuel needed by the U.S. airbase in Manas, and Russia will be given 49% of the Dastan torpedo plant.

Russia’s biggest demand, however, is the closure of the U.S. Transit Center at Manas International airport, the last large U.S. Air Force base in Central Asia. Manas is a key transit point for American troops and military supplies to Afghanistan. Immediately after his election on October 30, 2011, Atambayev declared that the U.S. base needed to close by 2014, the deadline for U.S. troop withdrawals from Afghanistan. He claimed that its presence on Kyrgyz soil puts the country at risk of retaliatory strikes from those in conflict with the United States, a statement that is strikingly in contrast with the words of Kyrgyzstan’s interim president Roza Otunbayeva quoted earlier. Kyrgyz Deputy Prime Minister Omurbek Babanov added that further decisions on the future of the American base would only be made while taking into account the interests of the CSTO partners of Kyrgyzstan. A Russian government source told Kommersant newspaper that...

Find Another Essay On Central Asia after 2014

The Spread of Hinduism and Buddhism in Southeast Asia

1757 words - 7 pages converted many Greeks to Buddhism after they assimilated into Gandhara. This is a prime example of how Buddhism diffused throughout Southeast Asia by being assimilated into regions after Buddhist forces conquered them. Another example of this would be that of a prince from Laos who fell in love with a Cambodian-Buddhist princess. Fa Ngoun, the prince of Laos, was exiled to Cambodia and fell in love with a Buddhist princess there, then returned to

Central Asian Women and the Bolsheviks

1145 words - 5 pages opinion used religion to oppress women. At the contrary of Russian women, female employment in Central Asia was anecdotic. Women were primarily wives and mothers and the practice of seclusion was still widespread, especially in rural environments. Religion, traditions and the lack of industrialization explain this situation. Only 2% of Central Asian women were literate before the October 1917 Revolution (Lubin 1981). However, after the

The New Great Game for Energy and Security in Central Asia

1503 words - 7 pages Introduction Central Asia after almost a Century of non-existence in the global politics with an exception of the Afghan war is once again a pivotal area of global power struggle. Military presence of the coalition forces in Afghanistan for the last decade changed the balance of force between the competing powers. The post-soviet deal and security architecture was once again revised. First time by the US led intervention in Afghanistan. Second

Biography of Genghis Khan

1475 words - 6 pages Genghis Khan was a brilliant leader who made many positive contributions to Asia. He unified the Mongolian clan, conquered and stabilized the Central Asian Plateau and instituted languages, laws, and reforms across Asia. However these contributions came with a heavy cost. Before Genghis Khan, the Central Asian Plateau was in disarray. Using his extraordinary skills in political manipulation and his powerful army, he quickly gained power

Country Assessment on the Philippines

2702 words - 11 pages . Web. 24 June 2014. . 4. "East & Southeast Asia: Philippines." Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, 18 June 2014. Web. 23 June 2014. 5. "East & Southeast Asia :: Spratly Islands." Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, 28 May 2014. Web. 22 June 2014.

Migration in Central Asia

1727 words - 7 pages . 2013. “Migration and Its Impact on Security of Central Asia.” India Quarterly: A Journal of International Affairs 69(2): 133-157. doi: 0.1177/0974928413481883. OSCE and Republic of Kazakhstan. 2006. “Trafficking in Persons in Central Asia: The Scope of the Problem and the Appropriate Responses.” Paper presented on the Regional Central Asia Conference, Astana. May 18-19. Accessed May 25, 2014. http://www.protectionproject.org/wp-content/uploads

The Demographics and Socioeconomic Issues Affecting Central Asia

1013 words - 4 pages seventy years under Soviet central planning, Central Asia concentrated on agricultural production, and little industrialization and urbanization took place. After the Soviet Union’s demise, substantial emigration from Central Asia occurred primarily among the urban populace, further cutting the share of urban residents. Low rural out-migration and fertility rates that are 30 to 80 percent higher than in urban centers maintain a largely rural

Government and Economic Performance

2012 words - 8 pages economic freedom. Even after a slight decline last year, throughout the last 20 years, Australia’s economy has inclined by 7.9 points, making it one of the 10 biggest improvements in developed economies (Index of Economic Freedom, 2014). New Zealand’s government is a Parliamentary Democracy and a Commonwealth Realm, making it a true democracy, where the people have the ultimate power over their governing (Central Intelligence Agency, 2013). New

cen asia

2479 words - 10 pages and Pakistan10. Mughals. In 1510 Babar, fleeing from Farghana and Samarkand, first held his court in Kabul and then laid the foundation of the Mughal empire in Delhi and Agra. For at least two centuries after Babar's invasion of India, the emperors maintained regular contact with the courts of Central Asia through a stream of soldiers, adventurers, scholars and artists. Babar's successors contained for more than a century to toy with the

Post-conflict Peace building in Eastern Indonesia: case study in Poso, Central Sulawesi

901 words - 4 pages ? References Aragon, Lorraine V. 2005. Mass Media Fragmentation and Narratives of Violent Action in Sulawesi’s Poso Conflict. Indonesia No. 79: 1-55. Southeast Asia Program Publications at Cornell Universtiy. Accessed 18 March 2014. Available at http://www.jstor.org/stable/3351332 Aragon, Lorraine V. 2001. Communal Violence in Poso, Central Sulawesi: Where People Eat Fish and Fish Eat People. Indonesia No. 72: 45-79. Southeast Asia Program

Snow Leopards

1204 words - 5 pages Unica Unica otherwise know as the Snow Leopard is an endangered wild species. There are between three thousand five hundred and seven thousand left in the wild, but is not always accurate because of their harsh environments. Across the world there are about six hundred Snow Leopards that lives in zoos. The Snow Leopard lives out most of its life in the high mountains of Central and South Asia. They are actively the most during the night. However

Similar Essays

China In Central Asia: The Good, The Bad And The Ugly

1332 words - 6 pages China in Central Asia – the Good, the Bad and the Ugly Central Asia countries have abundant oil, gas and nonferrous metal reserves; at the same time they also have great potentials in hydroelectric power. The location of Central Asia area makes it a bridge between Europe and Eastern Asia. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, China started to develop economical and political relationships with five Central Asia countries. With its neighboring

Conflict Resolution And Mediation Essay

1223 words - 5 pages the other. This, I has potential to work because their global needs exceed the reasoning to work alone. Criticism of this last mediation is the continual combining of powers where institutions take on a hierarchal level governing all states. However, a global effort working together sounds more secure than individuals competing in their own interests. Works Cited Jeffery Mankoff, CSIS, 2013, The United States and Central Asia after 2014, 13

Importance Of Afghanistan In Inner Asian Geopolitics

3336 words - 14 pages , litterateurs, artists, media persons, cultural delegations etc. was encouraged. Mazar-i-Sharif became the main center of economic exchanges between the two sides, as it was well connected by roads with Central Asia. Cotton produced in northern Afghanistan was trucked to Tashkent for processing. Movement of people and their goods increased. After disintegration of Soviet, Afghanistan and Tajikistan signed agreements of technical, scientific, educational

Banking, Money And Finance Essay

1896 words - 8 pages helps in promote trade and investments to stable the exchange rate and prevent dependency monetary policy. After the financial crisis, Asian countries found that monetary integration is very important to the economic development in East Asia. Highly heterogeneous in East Asia is one of the serious integration issues that governments should consider it. In order to reach the goal, governments must be willing to aside all the prejudices, giving up