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Century’s Project: The Marmaray Project Essay

1577 words - 7 pages

Istanbul, world’s 4th most crowded city, has enormous traffic issues with an excessive amount of passengers travelling between the Asia and the Europe sides of the city every day (“Istanbul”). Before the project; citizens were disgruntled by the crowd in the two bridges between Asia and Europe, the time lost in the traffic and the troubled trip between sides. The government then planned an enormous project in detail and the idea of undersea rail travel in Istanbul became real in 2013 with the Marmaray Project (“Marmaray"). The innovative solution of the government aimed to create a new easy way to cross sides without ruining the fascinating view of the strait. Some citizens are now ...view middle of the document...

11 immersed tubes are used between Üsküdar and Sirkeci where the strait is (Ravindran). This complex system is beneficial for the city and the citizens in many ways.
First of all, the Marmaray line is the fastest way to cross sides. Before the line put in use, seaway and the bridges were the only ways to cross the Bosphorus. The seaway in Istanbul consists of the ferries that run approximately half-hourly which is a long waiting period for passengers. The trip takes approximately half an hour which is also long (“Timetables”). But the waiting period for the trains in the Marmaray line is far less, 2 to 6 minutes and it takes only 4 minutes to cross over (“Facts and Figures”; “Travel Time”). Other than frequency, Marmaray also provides trips to city’s inner parts which requires using other transport vehicles when the seaway is used. Using one vehicle instead of two is of course easier, faster and more comfortable. Most of the vehicles used to go to inner parts make up the means of transport that cross over by the two Bosphorus bridges. The most used public transport vehicles are metrobus, dolmuş, bus or taxi (E. Toprak). All of them together with personal cars make the traffic on the bridges unbearable. With traffic, the waiting period becomes indeterminable unlike Marmaray. With Marmaray, it is always only 4 minutes to travel between Asia and Europe which proves that the rail line is the fastest mean of transport operating in Istanbul. For example the journey time between Gebze and Halkalı (two opposite edges of Istanbul) is reduced from approximately 185 minutes to 105 minutes with Marmaray (“Facts and Figures”). According to some calculations, 13 million hours will be saved in Marmaray’s first year. This number will reach 25 million by 2015. When looked at the numbers, the speed of the Marmaray line is easily seen.
Secondarily, Marmaray is designed as an easy way of transportation by different engineers, architects and designers. The linkage between the Marmaray rail line and other different public transport vehicles provides convenience to the passengers. The existing 5 stations of the rail line are somehow connected to other lines or means of transport and the stations that are under construction will also connect to different means of transport. The first station at the Asia side of Istanbul, Ayrılık Çeşmesi, joins with Kadıköy- Kartal metro line. While the second station, Üsküdar, is close to Üsküdar’s seaport. After crossing over, Sirkeci is the first station of the Europe side and the station links to Kabataş- Bağcılar tram line. Sirkeci station is also close to the seaport like Üsküdar. Yenikapı station comes after Sirkeci and it links to Kabataş- Bağcılar tram line too. Yenikapı IDO (Istanbul Seabuses) ferry seaport is near the Yenikapı Marmaray station which provides seabus service to other cities like Bursa, Yalova and Bandırma. Kazlıçeşme, Yenikapı and Üsküdar stations are near bus stations in order to transfer passengers easily....

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