Cesarean Delivery Vs Vaginal Delivery Essay

1618 words - 6 pages

Worldwide, the rate of cesarean section is increasing. According to the CDC, in 2012 the rate of cesarean sections comprised 32.8% of all births in the United States (CDC, 2013). Between 1996-2009 the cesarean section rate has risen 60% in the U.S (CDC, 2013). According to the World Health Organization (WHO), more than 50% of the 137 countries studies had cesarean section rates higher than 15% (WHO, 2010). The current goal of U.S. 2020 Healthy People is to reduce the rate of cesarean section to a target of 23.9%, which is almost 10% lower than the current rate (Healthy People 2020, 2013). According to a study conducted by Gonzales, Tapia, Fort, and Betran (2013), the appropriate percentage of performed cesarean sections is unclear, and is dependent on the circumstances of each individual birth (p. 643). Though often a life-saving procedure when necessary, the risks and complications associated with cesarean delivery are a cause for alarm due to the documented rate increase of this procedure across the globe. Many studies have revealed that cesarean deliveries increase the incidence of maternal hemorrhage and mortality and neonatal respiratory distress when compared to vaginal deliveries. As a result, current research suggests that efforts to reduce the rate of non-medically indicated cesarean sections should be made, and that comprehensive patient education should be provided when considering an elective cesarean delivery over a planned vaginal delivery.
There is no clear definition for elective cesarean delivery (ECD). Every study reviewed had a different set of guidelines used to define what an ECD includes. Many researchers defined the term broadly; with definitions ranging from performing a cesarean section before the beginning of spontaneous labor to Vered, Nadir, and Feldman’s (2012) definition of cesarean sections as, “maternal request, recurrent CS, breech presentation, macrosomia and active herpes,” (p. 1055). This definition was inconsistent between all of the studies examined, and some studies considered medically indicated cesarean sections to be elective. Almost all studies defined a vaginal delivery (VD) as a spontaneous VD, an induced VD, or a planned VD that resulted in an emergency cesarean section (De Luca, Boulvain, Irion, Berner and Pfister, 2009…).
One of the primary consequences associated with cesarean delivery was maternal mortality. According to Gonzales, Tapia, Fort, and Betran (2013), maternal mortality was defined as, “the death of a woman while pregnant or within 72 days of the termination of the pregnancy from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy.” (pp. 638-639). According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) (2014), the current maternal mortality rate associated with CD in the United States is 13.3 deaths per 100,000 births, and the mortality rate in VD was 3.6 deaths per 100,000 births (p. 3). Additionally, the study conducted by Gonzales, Tapia, Fort, and...

Find Another Essay On Cesarean Delivery vs Vaginal Delivery

Bringing Babies to Life: Natural Turns Technical

2510 words - 10 pages delivery rather than a vaginal one. She feared of hemorrhaging and tearing, common risks involved with vaginal deliveries. During this year, 15 percent of children were born of a cesarean section. In 2005, this raised to 33 percent. Haseltine states that “you get pregnant to have a child, not a delivery” (Epstein 154-155). Many women today agree. The rate of surviving a cesarean section in modern day is on average 80 percent (Epstein 155). The most

report

1038 words - 5 pages deliver a baby. The baby is taken out through the mother's abdomen. Most cesarean births result in healthy babies and mothers. C-section, however, is major surgery and carries risks. Healing also takes longer than it does with vaginal birth. Cesarean section comes with many complications for the mother such as, infections, heavy blood loss, a blood clot in the legs or lung, nausea, vomiting, and severe headache after the delivery. This is related to

To Have Or Not To Have Caesarean Section

2210 words - 9 pages . The pain of normal delivery is nothing compared to the side effects of c-section and worst of all, “… there could be the possibility of adverse reactions to the anesthesia and infection on the surgical incision” (Ignatavicious & Workman, 2001). The Risk There is a saying that, “…once a c-section, always a c-section…is an axiom that is no longer true (Stein, 2004). Mr. Stein mentioned in his article, Findings on Cesarean Section Rekindle

Various birth processes throughout the world

887 words - 4 pages contributed to the fact that doctors and hospitals wanting to receive higher payments from insurance agencies. Since a cesarean procedure may be performed within an hour, may doctors see this as time saved compared to a long labor and delivery method. Also, Brazil has a very strong doctor-patient relationship in which the patient would be less likely object to the doctor’s recommendation of a c-section (Schalken, 2014.) Since 1998, the Brazilian

Natural Childbirth is Superior to Drug Induced Childbirth

1242 words - 5 pages -sections in the world. Research shows that epidurals increase the use of other interventions that themselves carry risks. These interventions include electronic fetal monitoring (which has shown to increase the likelihood of a cesarean without improving outcome), I. V oxytocin, and instrumental delivery. Epidurals also deprive women of a sense of mastery over labor. Goer, Henci. "Epidurals Myth Vs Reality." Childbirth Instructor Magazine Winter 1995

Collaboration for Change.

1575 words - 6 pages The average hospital charge for a cesarean delivery (C-section) at Tift Regional Medical Center (TRMC) is $7,300, compared to $3,700 for a vaginal delivery. The average length of stay for a C-section was 3.5 days, compared to 1.7 days for a vaginal delivery. Given the cost of a C-section compared to vaginal delivery, there is a need to reduce the costs of the procedure without reducing the quality of care received. A reason for the increased

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM)

1636 words - 7 pages untreated. • Importantly, treatment did reduce the frequency of LGA infants from 22% to 13% and birthweight greater than 4000 g from 21% to 10%. • Among maternal outcomes, preeclampsia was significantly reduced with treatment (12% vs 18%). • The rate of induction of labor was higher in treated GDM, yet cesarean rates were nearly equivalent between groups (3 1% in treated vs 32% in untreated women). • Though this study had criticisms concerning

STDs

1710 words - 7 pages an increased risk that exposure to HIV will to infection because the sore provide an entry point for the AIDS virus. Women who develop a first episode of genital herpes curing pregnancy may be at higher risk for premature delivery. Outbreaks present during delivery usually indicate the need for a cesarean delivery because infection passed to the newborn during childbirth may result in possible death or serious brain damage. HIV/AIDS is a viral

Vetrinary Procedures and Human Procedures Alike

2011 words - 9 pages pelvic size or shape. You can learn all these things from ultrasounds. C-sections should only be used in emergency situations for humans, dogs and cats are usually planned out if they want assistance in the delivery of their babies(“Cesarean Section”). Birth creates a lot of stress on the body of animals and humans. Any sign of distress on the fetus is one of the main causes for an emergency C-section(“NecessaryC-sections”). At times people will

Analysis of Synergy Model in Obstetric Nursing Practice

2244 words - 9 pages labor and delivery unit at 33 weeks gestation with complaints of abdominal pain for the past three days that had become more severe and absence of fetal movement noted since the previous evening. Her obstetric history revealed she has one living child and has had one previous miscarriage at ten weeks gestation. Ultrasound revealed no fetal cardiac activity upon arrival. Despite having undergone a previous cesarean section with her first child

What is an OB/GYN?

3457 words - 14 pages during one’s pregnancy is post-term pregnancy. Post-term pregnancy is when continues over forty-two weeks. Many people do not think of this as a big deal, although, it very much is. Once it passes the normal time for delivery mothers become imperiled to vaginal birth trauma since the baby will be larger than usual. Therefore, mothers not to come to conclusion of having wound complications, infection, and postpartum hemorrhage cesarean delivery is most

Similar Essays

C Section Essay

1200 words - 5 pages Missing Works Cited Over the years birthing methods have changed a great deal. When technology wasn’t so advanced there was only one method of giving birth, vaginally non-medicated. However, in today’s society there are now more than one method of giving birth. In fact, there are three methods: Non-medicated vaginal delivery, medicated vaginal delivery and cesarean delivery, also known as c-section. In the cesarean delivery there is not much

The Pros And Cons Of Natural Child Birth

1753 words - 8 pages environment low lights and music and aroma therapy • Natural labor support tools such as: birthing ball, water birth, a massage, music, tennis ball and soothing voice • Pain medication options What is C-Section? C-section is a method of birth when the baby is delivered through incisions in the abdominal wall and uterus instead of being delivered vaginally. Some cesarean births are planned because it is known prior to labor that a vaginal delivery is

Pregnancy And The Psychological Dangers Of Prenatal Surgery

1691 words - 7 pages overlooking other risks and side effects. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (1997), "A cesarean section poses documented medical risks to the mother's health, including infections, hemorrhage, transfusion, injury to other organs, anesthesia complications, psychological complications, and a maternal mortality two to four times greater than that for a vaginal birth. Furthermore, an elective cesarean section increases

Medical Birth Management: More Harm Than Good

1642 words - 7 pages have shown the universal benefit and safety of delivering with a nurse-midwife vs. a physician at the in-hospital setting, again showing the difference between each provider’s models of care. “Nurse-midwife-managed patients had a significantly lower rate of cesarean section (8.5% versus 12.9%; P < .005) and operative vaginal delivery (5.3% versus 17%, P = .0001) than the physician-managed patients. Epidural anesthesia and oxytocin for induction