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Chairman Mao Tse Tung The Divine Failure

2110 words - 8 pages

Mao Tse-Tung is to this day, viewed by many as a father of communism, on par with Lenin, Stalin and other heroes of the old Soviet Union. He is deified by the ruling Chinese communist party and is seen as a brilliant tactician and ideologue by Marxist-Leninists and mainstream communists worldwide. He is seen by many to have a lasting legacy both within China and throughout the world that promotes communism as a viable, sustainable system. In reality, Mao Tse-Tung's "legacy" is nothing more than a series of gross military failures and brutal economic disasters that killed millions of Chinese people and hindered the growth of global Communism. Mao's failures were veneered over by his successors in an attempt to maintain Chinese solidarity and to preserve the cult of personality that permeated his leadership and kept his regime in power. Mao's political career can be broken up into three distinct time periods; the period before the establishment of the People's Republic of China, the initial period of socio-economic reforms referred to as the Great Leap Forward and the period of the Cultural Revolution in which Mao solidified his cult of personality just before his death. These three periods survey the entire span of Mao's leadership and stand testament to his ineptness, each highlighting key events in which Mao blundered his responsibilities to the Chinese people and had to be rescued by his subordinates and other members of the party elite. Like other powerful, genocidal leaders like Adolph Hitler, Mao's biggest weakness was an over-dependence on theoretical ideology, developing a political or economic theory and adhering to it with such stubborn, religious zeal as to ignore common sense, even when failure is inevitable.Though many dispute Mao's supposed brilliance in terms of economic and social theology, many accept him as at least a noteworthy military tactician. His forces did, after all eventually defeat the nationalist forces under Chiang Kai-Shek in pre-PRC China. However, this victory actually had little to nothing to do with Mao's tactics and had more to do with the ill preparedness of the weak nationalist forces, which for the most part relied on near-feudal armies amassed from rural allied warlords. Mao's main strategy relied on the participation of the rural peasant population. His Marxist ideals led him to believe that given the opportunity, the agricultural proletariat would immediately rise up and join the Red army in the overthrow of the Nationalist government . With China's massive population of farmers in outlying areas, this would have been a successful tactic - had Mao taken steps to prepare the peasantry. In the Autumn Harvest Uprising of 1927, the first official battle of Mao's Red Army, Mao's meager standing forces met the warlord militias allied with Chiang Kai-Shek in the rural rice plantations where Mao expected a huge force of proletariat volunteers. With no organization or forewarning, the expected surge of volunteers...

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