In the realistic perspective, the scholars believe that it is a matter about self-interest. Lord Salisbury's remark that "the only bond of union that endures" among nations is "the absence of all clashing interests." Conflicts of interests and beliefs can break up a country, such as the past of Germany. The blindly pursuit of power may lead to some unforeseeable consequences, such as wars or terrorism. Realism often meets some challenges especially in the issue of September 11 and the end of cold war. In the following essay, it is divided into three major parts. Firstly, I will illustrate the background information of realism in international relationship. Secondly, I will talk about the situation of September 11 and the end of cold war separately. At last, I discuss the reason of September 11 gives a greater challenge in realist perspective.
Realists thinking emphasize the idea of pursuing the state’s power and interests that are one-sided. The state’s security is rooted from the state’s interest. However, the international politics are about norms, institutions and laws. Some decision makers make some excuses in order to invade the other weaker countries. The realist thinking can easily let the state leaders to make a wrong decision, such as attacking the others for powers and resources. Beside, the realism believes that the states are the major actors in the world. The strongest power can influence the other countries.
The collapse of the Berlin Wall was symbolized the intimidation of communist had ended. The broken of Soviet Union had not brought the world peace. Our world had the contemporary enemies, such as terrorism and Islam. The US defense strategies were completely changed. “Almost all of the Pentagon’s post-Cold War aggressive military strategies such as preemptive strike, expansion of NATO, regime change, nation building, or humanitarian intervention can be traced back to the notorious Defense Planning Guidance of the early 1990s.” The end of cold war made the America become much more aggressive by bullying the other weaker countries like Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan and Libya.
The collapse of Berlin Wall led to the increasing dominated power of United State. The America had expanded its military power to the other states. Taking Operation Safe Haven/Safe Passage (Cuba), Operation Sea Signal (Haiti) and Operation Seva Verde (Columbia) as examples. The non-local military operations showed United State was much more offensive than before. It was also a cause that led to the September 11.
The end of cold war was one of the evidence of not using realist thinking. Using the pluralist thinking would be much more appropriate after 1990s. For the realistic perspective, it emphasized the states used their capabilities to maintain or enhance...