Challenges With Obesity Essay

4070 words - 16 pages

Introduction According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC) (n.d.) data from two NHANES surveys show that among adults aged 20 years the prevalence of obesity increased from 15.0% (197680 survey) to 32.9% (200304 survey). Furthermore, the two surveys showed an increase in overweight among children and teens. For children aged 2years, the prevalence of overweight increased from 5.0% to 13.9%; for those aged 6 years, prevalence increased from 6.5% to 18.8%; and for those aged 12 years, prevalence increased from 5.0% to 17.4%. Overweight and obesity have been associated with many diseases and health conditions, which include type 2 diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, dyslipidemia, gallbladder disease, and hyptension (CDC, n.d.). The purpose of this paper is to bring awareness on the increasing problem of obesity. Areas that will be discussed will include: the Surgeon General抯 Call to Action to Prevent and Decrease Overweight and Obesity, demographic, economical, political, and ethical factors, as well as challenges concerning the fight against obesity.Surgeon General抯 Call to ActionThe U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has developed the Surgeon General抯 Call To Action To Prevent and Decrease Overweight and Obesity (2001) to address the problem of obesity in the nation. The five principles of the Surgeon General抯 Call To Action are:1.Promote the recognition of overweight and obesity as major public healthproblems.2.Assist Americans in balancing healthful eating with regular physical activity to achieve and maintain a healthy body weight.3.Identify effective and culturally appropriate interventions to prevent and treat overweight and obesity.4.Encourage environment changes that help prevent overweight and obesity.5.Develop and enhance public-private partnerships to help implement this vision. (p. V)The Surgeon General recognized the negative implications obesity will have on the nation if steps are not taken to decrease the number of those who are overweight. In the Surgeon General抯 Call To Action (2001), he stated:While we have made dramatic progress over the last few decades in achieving so many of our health goals, the statistics on overweight and obesity have steadily headed in the wrong direction. If this situation is not reversed, it could wipe out the gains we have made in areas such as heart disease, diabetes, several forms of cancer, and other chronic health problems. Unfortunately, excessive weight for height is a risk factor for all of these conditions. (p. 8)The Surgeon General抯 vision of the Call To Action is to inform the public of the problem of obesity and inspire leaders, educators, and the rest of the community to take action towards improved health. Since the development of the Surgeon General抯 Call To Action in 2001, communities throughout the nation have taken steps toward health, which include implementing weight loss treatment programs, increasing health awareness...

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