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Change In American Foreign Policy As A Result Of World War Ii.

2165 words - 9 pages

The transformations of the United States' foreign policy during and after World War II allowed her participation in future foreign affairs and completely denounced her policy as a isolationist state. The United States broke through the barrier of being an isolationist state and dedicated itself completely to preserving the welfare of the rest of the world. Largely due to the Truman Doctrine, the United States would no longer stay in the Western Hemisphere and hide behind the Monroe Doctrine, but would now make it her business to guide all facets of the world down the "right" path of liberty and democracy. This responsibility which the United States put upon herself would cause controversy and debate in the years to come. Is it the United States' right to intervene with foreign affairs or should she take care of her own business? No matter what the correct answer is, America made the decision to aid the neglected and abused nations and accept the criticism she would most definitely be the target of.The first steps leading to this transformation took place when a bold Harry Truman went before congress on March 12, 1947, and requested support for what would soon be referred to as the Truman Doctrine. He petitioned for four hundred million dollars to uphold Greece and Turkey against Communist pressures (Barnet 97). The United States strongly opposed the Soviet Union during the Cold War and feared the spread of Communism, and as a result, congress would comply with any suggestions Truman had to hinder Communist expansion. Additionally, Truman declared that "it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures" (Brinkley 834). This declaration communicated a far-reaching and open-ended commitment of boundless dimensions. Critics then and later assaulted that Truman had overreacted by guarantying unlimited support to any autocrat who claimed to be combating "Communist aggression" (Blum 767). Supporters of Truman defended that Truman's fear of rekindled isolationism led him to amplify the Soviet threat and to emit his message in the blitzed language of a "holy global war" against Communism (Blum 767).Truman's fear of isolationism contrasts sharply with previous views on America's foreign policy. Past Presidents such as Woodrow Wilson and Franklin Delano Roosevelt prided themselves on their hopes for isolationism, and this pride greatly aided their elections. However, history tells us that both of these presidents prospects for the future were in vain. The United States was simply drawn into foreign affairs, and this policy of isolationism was clearly not destined to be. Not until World War II would this idealist goal be rejected as impossible. By this time, the United States had learned that she would be unable to ignore the rest of the World. When the United States looked inward, horrible acts would take place throughout the rest of the world, conducts...

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