The Christmas Carol is a novel about a miserable old man who has cruel ideologies and has hated everyone since his sister died after being show his past, present and future by three ghosts he changes and becomes the opposite to what he is in Stave 1. The writer of the novel, Charles Dickens had an idyllic childhood but, at the age of twelve was forced to work in a workhouse as his father was imprisoned for debt. Dickens wrote the novel to show how the economic and social difference effected the poor, as he had experienced poverty himself.
In Stave 1 Dickens shows that Scrooge is a “squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching covetous old sinner.” This shows that Scrooge is a stingy, unholy man, he would rather take than give and always thinks about himself. Dickens shows this by introducing his nephew who invites Scrooge to Christmas dinner which Scrooge bitterly rejects. Scrooge states his hatred of Christmas by saying people “should be boiled in their own Christmas pudding.” Dickens makes us see Christmas in the way Scrooge sees it. Dickens says Scrooge is as “solitary as an oyster” to imply that Scrooge lives by himself in his own small world he is also implying that Scrooge is cold and slimy Dickens also says that he constricts himself inside his own world or “shell” and hides from everyone.
Dickens introduces two portly gentlemen into the fray who asks Scrooge to donate to the poor and prevent them from being moved to a workhouse, which is incredibly cramped and dirty. The gentlemen knowing of Scrooge’s wealth asks him to donate a amount of money “What shall I put you down for?” Dickens shows Scrooge is incredibly selfish when Scrooge replies that he can’t afford to make “idle people merry” and says that those who are “badly off must go.” Dickens shows that Scrooge sees people as a mechanical labour force instead as proper individuals and also highlighting Scrooge’s vanity and carelessness.
Scrooge gradually changes throughout the rest of the story and he begins to recall his past emotions of love, romance and fun. Dickens shows Scrooge still has a soft part as his voice changes and has an “unusual catching.” He begins to see all his faults as each of the ghosts show him his past, present and future and what people think of him. Scrooge sees how badly he pays and mistreats his clerk Bob Cratchit and that it is barely enough to sustain his family who has an invalid son “Tiny Tim.” Despite...