Change In South Africa Before And After 1994

2860 words - 12 pages

Introduction
The following article will focus on change in South Africa before and after 1994 and the disorganisation which it brought to South Africans. South Africa went through a serious of transitions in technology, ecology, the career world, economic progress, norms and value system and in the social and political framework, Prinsloo (1998). Change is mostly seen as a threat; as something negative and as something which is hard to adapt to, thus bringing disorganisation into a situation. In a study it was found that social change involves profound societal transformation that affect the course of history of a group thus bringing disorganisation, Auger, Crush, De la Sablonnie`re, ...view middle of the document...

Every new device that affects social life and the social routine is to that extent a disorganising influence. Every new discovery, every new invention, every new idea, is disturbing . . . Apparently anything that makes life interesting is dangerous to the existing order”.
Social Disorganisation
NCJRS (2012) defines social disorganisation as the inability between community members to achieve shared values or to solve jointly experienced problems. The theory behind social disorganisation revolves around the assumption that strong networks of social relationships prevent crime and delinquency. When most neighbourhood members are acquainted and on, a substantial amount of adult population has the potential to influence each child.
Buelens et al. (2011) says that people become resistant to change as thy fear the unknown which change brings as it is people can never be certain about the outcomes which change brings. Change is seen as something disrupting habits and people are too scared to move out of their comfort zone. It is not always easy to break a habit as people become routinised and perceive anything that disrupt their current life style as being negative.
Change is usually seen as negative and Judge, Odendaal, Robbins and Roodt (2009) says that individual sources of resistance to change lies within an individual, perceptions, personality and needs of their human characteristics. Individuals tend to resist change because of the following factors: habit, security, economic factors, fear of the unknown and selective information processing.
Social Impact of Change on the Environment
The National State of the Environment Report (2012) states that migration and population growth are factors which has a significant impact on the sustainable development of the environment. South Africa’s aggravated population created stresses on the dynamics of South Africa. It strengthened the effect of poverty and environmental change.
Smail (1997) says that the increasing size of the population has a significant influence on the environment, as more people will demand more resources. The class factor places a role in this situation as the gap between rich and poor is significantly big. Prinsloo (2008) says that blacks in the rural and semi-rural areas (which are classified as the low working class) expected to benefit from the transition to democracy, instead they are still in the poor position they were pre-1994. Uncontrolled settlements has a significant influence on the environment as these settlements rarely have electricity, running water or toilet facilities to their availability.
The lack of electricity leads to the burning of tires to produce fire for cooking and as a source of heat. The lack of running water leads to bathing in the river and the lack of infrastructure leads to toxic waste water of rivers. In 1996 domestic demand for water was 11% of the total. By 2030 it is predicted that this demand will increase to 23% of the total,...

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