Turn Of The Century: Canada's Immagration.

930 words - 4 pages

A Description about how immagrants were treated during the turn of the centuryBefore the Turn of the Century, Canada's west was largely un-populated. Much of the land was filled with rich soil that were well suited for farming valuable wheat. Becuase of this, populating it became important to Canada and the Canadian government.On 1896, the minister of Interior,Clifford Sifton had been enforcing a comprehensive program to attract people to Canada, and by 1900, over 45,000 immigrants came to western Canada. This massive advertising campaign relied mainly on pamphlets and poster distributed in the United States, Britain, and in other European countries. Immigration offices were set up in these countries to coordinate efforts and distribute information, to portray a colorful image of the canadian west as a vibrant land that held a promise of riches. As a supplement to these posters,pamphlets and speeches, Canada used the latest technologies such as steam movies and lantern slides. Every aspect of the campaign was well thought out and designed to look as eye-catching and appealing as possible. In time, these efforts paid off, because by 1905, the number of immigrants coming to the west had tripled from 1900, to over 135,000 people. However, on 1905, Clifford Sifton was succeeded by Frank Oliver, who introduced more strict racial discrimination into Canada's immigration policy. He chose to focus almost all of Canada's effort on attracting immigrants from Britain, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. Despite this, Before the beginning of the First World War, Canada received 2 million immigrants that changed the Western part of Canada forever.Immigrating to Canada was not for everyone. Canadian governments were hoping for immigrants from Britain, considering that Canada was part of the British Colony. Next to British immigrants, immigrants from America were wanted by the canadian because americans were used to the north american climate and farming in it. It was believed that they would adapt readily to life in Canada's west. Other then that, immigrants from other places would be less likely to be admitted, depending on how 'foreign' they are. They determine the foreign immigrants from their skin color, and political,religious and socials differences. Immigrants from Western European countries were fairly accepted, while people from Eastern Europe were less desired and those from Southern Europe were even less popular. The least popular were Blacks, Asian or jewish immigrants. Canada's government taken efforts to keep out the most of the least popular group by adding various head tax on Chinese immigrants. In 1900 it cost 100$ per chinese person, and that was raised in 1903 to 500$. This meant that basically no chinese immigrants could afford to enter Canada, because during that time, 500$ was a lot of money. Though there were no laws...

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