Many of us experience change in our entirely life some changes we want to do and others we need to do for a better lifestyle. Same happened to my Dad when he needs to change his food habits and exercise habits after he was diagnostic with Diabetes Type 2.My dad has to change his old habits and he learns a new challenge lifestyle. This was difficult in the beginning, but after time he understood that he needs to change in pro to live better. Many people has to change his/her lifestyle when is diagnostic with a chronic disease without of cure such as diabetes. They need to learn how management and treatment this sickness.
First of all, what is Diabetes? ”Diabetes is a disease in which the body fails to produce or properly use insulin.” (Davis 3) In other words, when we ate food, the food travels to the stomach. Food is made of three essential nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins and fats. During normal digestion carbohydrates are break down in sugar as named glucose. The glucose travels from the stomach to the bloodstream to be entered to the muscle and the fat cells. However, glucose needs the help of the hormone insulin which it is produce for the pancreas with this help the glucose enter to the cell. Glucose serve as fuel provided energy to the body. This is how the body controls the concentration of sugar in the bloodstream. But, if the sugars enter to the bloodstream and the insulin is not enough then the sugars build up in the bloodstream and the (need citation) cells do not get the energy necessary to be function. In addition, the consequences are the fatigue and tiredness, and then the cells try to dilute the sugars in the bloodstream and pull out some fluids as result in dehydration and thirst. Furthermore, over time the high concentration of sugars in the bloodstream can damage vital organs as eyes, kidneys, nerves, and heart (American Diabetes Association 35-37).
There are three types of diabetes: Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational. The Type 1 diabetes is when the body does not produce insulin, then the glucose build up in the blood (Wood 1). As the cells are no getting glucose for the abscess of the insulin hormone that transport the glucose to the cells does not function well. Most of people who develop this type of diabetes often are in childhood and young adulthood. The type 2 diabetes is when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin for proper function of the cells or these cells do not react to this insulin (insulin resistance). Approximately 90 % of all cases of diabetes worldwide are of this type. (MTN p2) The last one is the Gestational diabetes. It is affect only females during pregnancy.
Accordingly, to Marketwired around 26 million of people have diabetes in the U.S.A. and 95 percent of this population has type 2 diabetes. In addition to this disease the number of cases increases in multicultural communities such as African Americans, Hispanics, and American Indian/Alaska Native and so on. In...