Changes In Media Essay

949 words - 4 pages

New Media TechnologiesIn 1816 the first partially successful camera was taken by Nicephore Niepce. He took this photo using a small camera that he had made on his own and a piece of paper which he has coated with silver chloride. This paper darkened in the places that it was exposed to light. This method meant the photo was not permanent, as the paper became completely darkened from the light that was necessary for viewing the photograph. Cameras with film called the "Kodak" were introduced for sale in 1888. This camera came with enough film for 100 exposures and when they were finished, the camera had to be sent back to be processed and reloaded. These box cameras had a fixed focus lens and one shutter speed. Digital cameras differ from analogue because they do not have film. The first commercially sold digital camera in the US was sold in 1990 and was initially dubbed as a failure as it was bad quality, black and white and expensive (worth $2000 in 2014). This was resold in 1992 after being changed to store pictures digitally, connect directly to a computer and use a CCD image sensor. Nowadays, one of the best cameras is the Canon EOS 5D Mark III which has ability to capture 22.3 megapixels and has an ISO range of 100-25600. ISO defines the cameras ability to capture light, meaning the higher the ISO range, the better the picture will come out if shot in low light.ConvergenceConvergence may be defined as "the interlinking of computing and ICTs, communication networks, and media content that has occurred with the development and popularisation of the Internet, and the convergent products, services and activities that have emerged in the digital media space". One of the big examples of convergence is the fact we can now view newspapers online rather than buying the hardcopy. This 'combining' or 'convergence' of two media types has led to newspaper companies losing business and money, as consumers began using the internet to access news articles. A benefit of this is that the news is now easier to access on the go and information can be updated real-time compared to newspapers which would have had to be rewritten and reprinted if there was a mistake in an article or something more had been released on an issue. At first, this issue may have been argued that it would be easier to buy a newspaper rather than drag a laptop around or be within access of a computer, however, due to the release of smartphones and apps, it is now easily accessible from anywhere on a small, convenient screen. Due to losses in the print industry, newspapers have begun to charge consumers to use their websites.Changes in production and consumptionIn the 1900's and earlier, it was only common to see hardcopies of photographs and images. Since then and the introduction of smartphones, convergence has allowed photographs to be taken, viewed and stored on phones, then printed from them. It is also possible through stores such as Harvey Norman to order prints and send them...

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