Changes In Sleep Patterns During Adolescence

1041 words - 5 pages

According to Lazaratou, Dikeos, Anagnostopoulos, Sbokou and Soldatos (2005, p.237) “many biological as well as psychological and social changes occur during adolescence, making this period one of the most critical and unstable during life (M, P, DFD & W 1976; Ph 1981)”. One of the changes is sleep-wake patterns, from which this statement is supported by Yang, Kim, Patel and Lee (2005) “Sleep/wake patterns change throughout life. In particular, childhood sleep patterns change dramatically from preadolescence to adolescence” (p.250). This patterns may be influenced by many factors that will be discussed later.
Sleep deprivation somehow relate to the patterns. Sleep-wake patterns is controlled by circadian rhythm which is defined as the natural cycle of day and night that have most pervasive influences on human behavior because it creates the 24-hour rhythm of sleep and wakefulness and the alternation between the two states (Edery, 2000; Enright, 1980; Minors & Waterhouse, 1985). Jundell (1904) concluded that circadian curves would be determined by morningness and eveningness. Wuth (1931) characterized morning types as the individuals who are fatigued in the evening, sleep early, wake up early in the morning and perform the best during morning whereas evening types are the vice versa. Even though the literatures were acceptable, they were irrelevant nowadays.
The students’ lifestyle nowadays are completely different from the previous one. As the developments move faster from day to day, the students are expected to follow the current trend. They have so many things to do yet so little time they have. It is, however regrettable that many researchers revealed that this packed schedules lead to sleep deprivation among students. This is due to the poor perception of the students itself towards sleep. “Sufficient sleep is the amount necessary to permit optimal daytime functioning” (cited in RE, 1999, p. 354). AR and MA (1998) (as cited by Noland, Price, Dake and Telljohann) concurred with MA, K, P et al. (1980) (as cited by Hirokuni, Makoto, Takashi et al.) based on the duration of sleep each night for adolescents (in this context the students) which is slightly more than 9 hours. However, the duration may differ slightly among individuals. If the students obtain sleep below than 8 hours, they have insufficient sleep, from which may result in sleep deprivation. American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) (2008) highlighted the definition of sleep deprivation as the condition when the individuals obtain insufficient sleep. AASM also stated that this sleep disorder is common among adolescents without any exception for males and females. Many literatures shown that sleep deprivation only brings destruction to human bodies without any benefits out of it. The consequences of sleep deprivation comprise the human functioning as a whole, regardless in what scopes they perform. As from the students scope, the sleep deprivation affects academic and cognitive...

Find Another Essay On Changes in Sleep Patterns During Adolescence

Changes in the UK During the 1970's

1030 words - 4 pages decided to choose the time period between the late 1970’s to the mid 1980’s because of the significant increases in financial flows, shift in trade patterns and the changes in the GDP growth rate. The data provided allowed for foundation for policy change speculation. Once I narrowed down data which seemed to make the most significant changes, I was then able to research why these changes may have taken place. During this time the North Sea Oil

Important Changes in Japan During the 20th Century

1671 words - 7 pages The 20th century was by all accounts an era of considerable progress for Japan. As a result of the remarkable success in the postwar era, Japan has become a model of the industrialized society for the world to take note. In this paper I will attempt to illustrate the important changes that Japan went through during this time of progression, using 1945 as a dividing point. These changes include a different role of the emperor, a new political

Researching the Changes in Employee Perception During Organizational Change

2022 words - 8 pages is to address the following questions? 1. Whether the perception of employees changes during organizational change? 2. What are the factors which contribute towards resistance in bringing change? LITERATURE REVIEW Literature on organizational development has identified several important employee attitudes for successful organizational change. Research suggests the creation of an atmosphere where trust communication and collaboration can

Changes and continuities in world trading systems during 1450-1750

1425 words - 6 pages West Europe and Americas. These new changes will spark for new developments in the Americas.In conclusion, during the 1450-1750, one of the most important changes in the history occurred, mainly due and influenced by the Portuguese; which are credited for started this shameful period. On the other hand, we also notice some continuities, for example some of the goods, which were continued been traded even when the slave trade took place. Another

The Reasons for Changes in the Patterns of Marriage, Cohabitation and Divorce in the last 30 Years

1265 words - 5 pages The Reasons for Changes in the Patterns of Marriage, Cohabitation and Divorce in the last 30 Years Over the last 30 years there has been a significant change in the pattern for marriage, co-habitation and divorce. There are many reasons for these changes that have taken place. For example, since 1971, when a divorce act was introduced, divorce has been more acceptable in today's society. This has slowly increased the

The Economic Changes in England During Eighteenth Century That Caused The Industrial Revolution

2637 words - 11 pages The first phase of the industrial revolution was a period(1760-1800) when the working conditions changed by going from the domestic system to the factory system. The factory system involves new technologies and an overall growth in the economy. England encouraged radical change in the economy during the 18th century. These economic changes effected the social and industrial aspect of the 18th century English society. There were several reasons

How the Character of Capulet Changes During the Play in Romeo and Juliet

1164 words - 5 pages How the Character of Capulet Changes During the Play in Romeo and Juliet Romeo and Juliet is set in Verona and it is based on two families, the Capulets and the Montagues. The families are enemies and they have a longstanding rivalry. Capulet is the head of the ‘Capulet’ household. His daughter Juliet falls in love with Romeo, a member of the Montagues, and he feels the same way about her. Capulet has both his good

How the Salem Witch Trials relate to the changes occuring during the late 17th century in colonial British America

744 words - 3 pages or revivalist, or New Light, ministries. There views were liberal, explaining the consequences of leading a "bad life".We are able to compare the events of the Salem Witch trials with that of the changes that occurred during the Enlightenment and the Great Awakening. First, let's look at the events of the Salem Witch trials. The Salem Witch trials which occurred in 1692, proves how difficult the period of life for the Salem Village was back in

This essay in on "Paul's changes through out all Quiet on the Western Front" describing traits of Paul Baumer that changed during the war

1010 words - 4 pages in causing Paul to change during the war.As it gets deeper into the war, Paul changes from the boy he used to be when the war started. His experiences in the last few years have made him see things differently, depressed, and all alone in the world. After all he has been through, Paul is not out of place with the civilized world. "At that time I still knew nothing about the war, we had only been in quiet sectors. But now I see that I have been

Peter the Great This essay is about what changes peter the great made during his reign in russian... other than that if u have any questions ask me

2104 words - 8 pages marriages. If noble men wanted to get married they must have a school certificate. Peter also changed the traditional calendar to the western or Christian calendar. He did this by making a law stating that, New Year's Day must be on the first of January. All of these social changes were proof, that Peter was intent on modernize Russia.Along with changes to the social aspects of life so were the religious aspects of life changed. In 1721, Peter

Mexican Revolution - How "revolutionary" was this event in reality? Explores the changes brought about during this time period. - Mexico - Early 1900's

1059 words - 4 pages The Mexican Revolution was revolutionary, but not in the ways that the fomenters of the revolution were planning, rather it Revolution? On November 20th, 1910 Francisco I. Madero put forth a call to arms for the nation's population to rise up and throw off the shackles of the oppressive bourgeois that ruled with the Diaz regime for the previous 35 years. There were several clear goals that Madero had for this revolution; in

Similar Essays

Changes In Family Patterns Over The Years

2846 words - 11 pages better and easier for everyone, and also brought changes in people's perspectives and approach about establishing family patterns according to their preferences. From pre-modern to modern to late modern eras, family patterns and the ways in which people live have changed dramatically. Love was given greater importance and is now a key aspect in determining long-term partnerships. For most people today, love and affection are essential, and

Engaging In Injurious And Risk Taking Behaviour During Adolescence

1341 words - 6 pages One of the most challenging developmental periods in a person’s life is adolescence. Various biological and psychological changes occur in the individual during this time. Not only this, the individual experiences assorted emotions which maybe completely new to them. The brain is rapidly developing in affective and social cognitive functions (Blakemore & Choudhury, 2006; Giedd, 2004; Giedd et al, 1999; Paus, Keshevan, Giedd, 2008; Sowell et al

Demographic Changes During 1918 In Malta

3778 words - 15 pages Analyze the demographic changes during the year 1918 in Malta at the end of the First World War. Malta Government Gazettes 1918 Literature review. This is an official record book, which is a day -to -day analysis of the year 1918. It insists of a number of tables and statistics analysis, which makes it rich in information. It is written by both languages English and Italian, both being official languages in that period. The content

Infant States: The Development And Shifts In Sleep Patterns Psychology 344, Thompson Rivers University Assignment

2404 words - 10 pages Thompson rivers university – open learning Infant States: The Development and Shifts in Sleep Patterns Psych 344: Assignment 2 Julia Daria – Student # 100114222 8/30/2010 Abstract When Peter Wolff (1966) observed baby’s eye movements and muscle activity in his classic study, he distinguished seven states of arousal: non-rapid-eye-movement sleep (NREM), rapid-eye-movement sleep (REM), periodic sleep, drowsiness, alert inactivity, active alert