“To spare you is no profit, to destroy you is no loss (Cambodian Genocide).” This was one of Saloth Sar’s main slogans that best illuminated his way of thinking. Unfortunately for the citizens of Cambodia, Saloth Sar, also known as Pol Pot, could not see the worth that each and every person possessed. He believed that to reach their ideal surroundings, everyone must work and not be paid for their labor. This led to a very dark four years in Cambodia. Throughout this essay, you will be informed of who, what, when, where, and why this terrible event occurred.
Although there were many people Pol Pot enslaved, he didn’t stop at their identity if they were in his way. Pol Pot founded The Khmer Rouge movement in 1960. He was educated in France and deeply admired Chairman Mao, a Chinese Communist leader. Pol Pot’s list of unwanted people varied from the following: intellectuals, educated people, professionals, monks, religious enthusiasts, Buddhists, Muslims, Christians, ethnic Chinese, Vietnamese, Thai, and Cambodians with Chinese, Vietnamese, or Thai background (Cambodian Genocide). Anyone who was a doctor, teacher, or was being educated, even if they were suspected of being educated, was brought to the Tuol Sleng prison to be tortured (Past Genocides). Doing strenuous work for long periods of time made it extremely difficult for the children, elderly, ill, and handicapped to survive. Their incapability limited them and resulted in punishment which was usually death (Cambodian Genocide).
There were four main years of genocide in Cambodia. They took place while Pol Pot was trying to make his peasant farming society national by enslaving people and making them work for him. Pol Pot mainly based his ideas and visions for the future off of the Chinese Communist farming structure. Over 25% of Cambodia’s population was lost in just three short years due to Pol Pot’s rule. Between 1.7 and 2 million Cambodians were murdered in the Khmer Rouge’s Killing Fields (Past Genocides).
The genocide of Cambodia lasted from 1975-1979. This is known as one of the worst tragedies involving human loss of life in the last century (The CGP). Obviously, someone was at fault for these 2 million deaths, yet not a single person was brought to trial for this inhumane genocide (Cambodia). The Vietnam War lasted from 1970-1973, helping Pol Pot take control while the country was still in chaos. In April 1975, the Khmer Rouge took control over Cambodia, changing the country to Democratic Kampuchea (Genocide in Cambodia).
Cambodia is located in Southeast Asia, next to Thailand and Vietnam. The capitol is in Phnom Penh. The Gulf of Thailand’s shoreline goes...