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Chap. 7 The Road To Revolution Of The American Pageant. Mercantilism,Reasons For Rev.,Stamp Tax,Navigation Act, All Those Other Acts, And

690 words - 3 pages

Chap.7 The Road to The Revolution (1763-1775)*Victory in the 7 Yrs' War made Brit. master of a large imperial domain in N. A. which was very costly therefore they compelled the colonists to shoulder this burden.THE DEEP ROOTS OF REVOLUTION*1850's Republicanism: a just society in which all citizens willingly subordinated their private, selfish interests to the common good. The stability of the society& the authority of the gov. depended on the citizens' virtue. Republicanism opposed aristocracy and monarchy.*Whigs: British pol. Commentators that were widely read by the colonists. They feared a threat to liberty by the monarch and parliament. Attacked the use of patronage and bribes used by the kings ministers colonists more alert against threats 2 their rights*The reasons why its such a shock 2 the colonies when Brit. takes control again after 1763;1.Dukes/princes/barons bishops are non-existent2.prop.ownership and pol. participation wide spread3.Amer. Accustomed to running their own affairs, unmolested by officials4.distance weakens auth. greatly.MERCANTILISM AND COLONIAL GRIEVANCES*only Georgia was formally planted by the gov. The others were est. by trading companies, religious groups,*Brit. believed in mercantilism:$$ was power & a country's economic wealth could be measured by the amt of oro/silver it owned. 2 amass oro/sil a pais had 2 export more than it imported. Possessing colonies=raw materials 4 the mother country(reducing need for foreign market) &provided guaranteed market 4 export*Colonists, expected to give prod. That were needed ie tobacco, sugar and ships' masts*2 refrain from exporting certain products ie woolen cloth or Beaver hats*buy imported goods just from Brit.1.Navigation Law of 1650:commerce flowing 2 and from colonies had to be transported in British vessels2.Eur. Goods destined 4 Amer. Had to land 1st in Brit. where tariff was collected & Brit. middle men could take a slice of the profits.3.Amer. Merchants must ship tobacco exclusively 2 Brit.4.policy of currency shortage:they bought more than they sold from Brit. This differ. was made up in cash.Colonists exchanged nails, pitch 2 facilitate everyday purchases*Amer. Welfare sacrificed 4 Brit. commercial interests:the financial need forces many of the colonies to print paper $$ however merchants protested that...

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