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Chapter 7, 8, And 9 Discussion "Essentials Of Human Life Span Development"

9673 words - 39 pages

Points Possible: 60ASSIGNMENT #3 (Chapters 7, 8, and 9)THE PERIOD OF MIDDLE AND LATE CHILDHOOD INVOLVES SLOW, CONSISTENT GROWTH. THIS IS A PERIOD OF CALM BEFORE THE RAPID GROWTH SPURT OF ADOLESCENCE. DESCRIBE THE CHANGES IN BRAIN DEVELOPMENT THAT OCCUR DURING THIS STAGE OF DEVELOPMENT.During middle and late childhood, the brain does not grow much more in terms of total volume. However, the brain does continue to develop in less conspicuous ways. Specifically, the synaptic "pruning of neural connections is characteristic of the activation of certain areas of the brain and the decrease in use of others. For example, researchers have found that although the frontal lobe doesn't grow much more during this period, there is more neural activation within the prefrontal cortex. In fact, this focused neural activation occurred at the same time as an increased efficiency in cognitive performance. Additionally, researchers believe that this development in the prefrontal cortex enables the function of other brain regions as it provides an organizational role. As the child gains an increasing amount of experience, the prefrontal cortex coordinates which neural connections are the most effective for solving a problem at hand.Resources:Santrock, John (2013-01-01). Essentials of Life-Span Development, 3rd edition. McGraw-Hill Higher Education -A. Kindle Edition.THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL YEARS ARE A TIME WHEN DISABILITIES BECOME PROMINENT FOR SOME CHILDREN. PROVIDE A COMPREHENSIVE DISCUSSION OF THE DISABILITIES AND EDUCATIONAL ISSUES THAT ARE IDENTIFIED IN THE CHAPTER.DisabilitiesDisabilities become prominent during the elementary school years for many children. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, 6.4 million children, or about 13 percent of all public school students, in the United States aged 3 to 21, the ages covered by the Individuals with Disabilities Act, received special education services in the 2011-2012 school year. Furthermore, 36 percent of those who received special education services have specific learning disabilities. The other groups receiving services were children with speech or language impairments, intellectual disabilities, and emotional disturbance.In order for a child to be considered as having a learning disability by the United States government, a child must have have "...difficulty in learning that involves understanding or using spoken or written language, and the difficulty can appear in listening, thinking, reading, writing, and spelling" (Santrock 195). Learning disabilities may also involve difficulty performing mathematical operations. However, difficulty in learning cannot be caused by visual, hearing, or motor disabilities; intellectual disability; emotional disorders; or due to environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage. Approximately 80 percent of children with a learning disability have a reading problem.Boys are about three times more likely to be classified as having a learning disability than...

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