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Chapter Analysis: Odysseus By Homer

1788 words - 8 pages

1) Odysseus leaves for war in Troy and has trouble coming back, because Poseidon is upset with Odysseus. Athena goes to Ithica to try to help Telemachus (Odysseus’s son). Telemachus’s mother has so many suitors at her palace wanting to marry her. Telemachus and Athena (disguised) go to an old family friends house and asks for help. Athena tells Telemachus to go find his dad.

(2-3) There was an assembly for the suitors and everyone. They are making Penelope marry someone. She says she will pick someone after she is done weaving something. She believes that Odysseus is alive. Telemachus leaves and does not tell his mother he is leaving, so he does not worry her. Telemachus and Athena leave and Athena is disguised as mentor at Pylos. Mentor makes a good impression on King Nestor. Telemachus tells that he is Odysseus’s son and asks about his father.

(4) Athena and Telemachus arrives at Sparta. He asks about his father again. He finds out from Helen and Menelaus that his father is live and is living in Calypso with a Nymph.

(5-6) Zeus sends Odysseus to Ogygia, Calypso and Hermes tells Calypso to Odysseus. Someone gave Odysseus materials to build a raft and some food. On his way to Ethiopia, Poseidon see’s. Poseidon opens the ocean and tries to make him drown. Athena and a sea Nymph named Leucothea helps him. He makes it to the island of Scheria, Home of the Pheacians. Athena visits Nausiaa in her sleep. Athena tells her to help wash the clothes with her maids, and to get a mule cart. Nausicaa asks her father to go washing. She eats washes clothes, and plays games. She see’s Odysseus and he flatters her because he wants to go to town. Nausicaa helps Odysseus look nice because she wants her parents to think he is a god. She does not let him be in the same cart as her.

(7-8) Odysseus goes to town and Athena puts cloud sea mist on his so he appears as a little girl. He meets King Alcinous and is very welcomed He tells his travels to Scheria from Ogygia. He goes to a banquet the next day. He is given the best chair and great food. For entertainment Demodocos, a poet, sings him songs. He tells him to sing about himself. Odysseus cries during the song. King Alcinous asks him to reveal who he is and where he is from.

(9) Alcinous asks Odysseus to reveal his name *flash back* telling about Troy. Odysseus tells him about when he was held captive by Calypso. Also Circe of Aeoa was holding him captive, but he didn’t love them. He was telling everyone in Sheria the story. Zeus kept the men at sea for nine days. The first stop was the Land of Lotus Eaters. The men ate the lotus plants that caused them to be lazy and dreamy. Men also lose hope of home. Odysseus rounds up his men and sales away. The Cyclops isn’t treating Odysseus right. He thinks he is a ninny and says he is stronger than Zeus. The Cyclops wants to destroy the ship and eat the men. The Cyclops ends up eating most of the men. Odysseus gives Cyclops wine and...

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