Six years after the promulgation of the Refugee Act of 1980 the U.S. Congress enacted the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA), on November of 1986, with the objective to control and deter the illegal immigration into the United States. The major provisions demanded; a) the legalization of foreign nationals who had been continuously unlawfully present in our country since 1982. b) Demanded the creation of mechanism to secure and enforce the United States borders. c) The legal adjustment of certain agriculture workers, and sanctions corporations who intentional or knowingly hire illegal foreign workers.
The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA), had several contributions to solve the problem of immigration in United States, beside the substantial contributions to legalize over 3 million foreign nationals. First, the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA), strongly supported a comprehensive immigration legislation that benefited a group of illegal immigrants, who had been continuously in United States over four year period under a special agricultural workers program, a group of Cubans national who fled their country after the Cuban revolution of 1959. Also, the foreign immigrants that had arrived prior to January 1, 1972, and the group of Haitians that for diverse situations arrived to the United State shores. Critics of IRCA sustain that even with this considerable legalization of illegal alien, the program failed to deter the illegal immigration into the country that instead of decreased, the foreign nationals living illegally in America increased over 4 million in the period of 1986 to 1990 In which the reform of the U.S. legal immigration system under IRCA demonstrated that immigration enforcement alone cannot stop illegal migration.
Second, The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA), supported a flexible legal immigration system that met U.S. economic, labor and family needs, however, the IRCA was not sufficient to reform the U.S. immigration system. The lack of immigration reform during 1990 thru 2005, aggravated that hundreds of thousands of immigrants risked their lives to enter the United States illegally creating an overwhelming social pressure in the community to supply the needs of those undocumented.
Third, IRCA demonstrates the need of an immigration program that define the status to the close family members while the head of the family await to become lawful permanent residents. Data from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) shows that approximately 4.4 million persons are in a visa limbo awaiting to be adjusted, which 97 percent have a qualifying family relationship to a U.S. citizen. Therefore, it is imperative an immigration program that reduce the visa waiting list, and provide a permanent solution for the immigration status of family members. .
Fourth, IRCA supports strong immigration enforcement limiting illegal migration into the country by reducing the...