Personality Essay

2381 words - 10 pages

Personality "Each person has a unique pattern of thinking, behaving, and expressing his or her feelings" (Coon, 2004, p. 509). Each day we come into contact with so many different and unique people that each possesses distinctive qualities and traits that form their personality. Personality is a wonderful thing as it lets you be as creative and wacky as you want. It is a difference and uniqueness of personality that creates such special bonds between people, and allows for great love, friendship and families to form. This paper will discuss what personality is and the types of temperament personalities that exist. It will also discuss major personality theories such as trait theories, psychodynamic theories, behaviorist and social theories, and humanistic theories. Along with each of the theories will be the discussion and closer look at a particular theorist and how they contributed to the study of that theory.Personality refers to the constancy in who each individual is, has been, or who he/she will become. It also refers to other special considerations such as talents, values, hopes, loves, hates, interests, and habits that make each person unique (Coon, 2004). The term personality comes from the Latin word Persona which means mask (Hergenhahn, 1974). When viewing personality as a mask, it represents the public self that people display to the world. We all know that each person is unique in their own way, and presents themselves to others with varying styles and manners. It is individuality that makes a difference in this world, since each and everyday you come into contact with a new person. Knowing how people perceive themselves, and identify with their personality is just as important as knowing your behaviors. Personality is said to be greatly guided and initiated by behaviors, therefore being able to identify certain behaviors and characteristics associated by personality proves to be a very beneficial aspect in communication, trust, and finding a sense of belonging. Coon (2004) defines personality as an individual's unique and relatively unchanging psychological characteristics and behavior pattern. Many efforts have been made by psychologists and theorists to identify and discover an exact and true definition for personality. Problems often arise as this term can be interpreted and perceived in several different lights.Temperament is considered the "raw material" from which personality is formed from. It refers to the hereditary aspects of an individual, such as their sensitivities, distractibility, and typical moods that are displayed (Coon, 2004). Coon (2004) identifies four main types of temperament personalities, which are introverted, extroverted, stable, and unstable. An introverted personality is a person whose attention is focused inward. An example would be the shy, anxious, passive, reserved, or self-centered individual (Coon, 2004). An extroverted personality is a person whose attention is directed outward. An example would...

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