Chekhov is part of a non-typical category of artists, because he did not believed in his genius, on the contrary, there are evidence that he believed that his work will not conquer time and posterity. Spectacular, just like Russia at the border between the 19th and 20th century, Chekhov was born the son of serfs in 1860 (Tsar Alexander will abolish serfdom in 1861) only to become a landlord 32 years later, and a neighbor of Prince Shakovskoi. He bought the Melikhovo estate (unconsciously imitating Tolstoy, the patriarch of Iasnaia Polyana), not far from Moscow, with 13 thousand rubles of which he has paid an advance of five thousand.
Chekhov is the true precursor of the theater of the absurd. Before the beckettian "waiting" there was the continuous "waiting" of the three sisters who never live for Moscow. Chekhov developed an aesthetic principle, according to which tragic and comic are not separated by an impassable wall but represent two sides of the same phenomenon of life, which can be viewed both in terms of tragedy and in terms of comedy.
Gurov embodies the power of change that true love can have even on the most cynical characters. He is an island of hope in an ocean of turmoil represented by revolutionary Russia at the beginning of the 20th century.
The following paper will focus on one of the most characteristically types of work for Chekhov: “The Lady and the Pet Dog”. Our aim is to portrait the character of Dmitry Dmitrich Gurov, in the context of the story, extracting those elements that are characteristic for the period in which Chekhov wrote the story.
True love is a reason for everything, even deleting the laws of life. People's mistakes and weaknesses are part of life; and, without contradictions, the world would not have evolved. The heroes of "The Lady and the Pet Dog" are not prefect. Sergeevna Anna is married and Gurov also has a family; but they get madly in love with each other. Neither is prepared to leave his family or to live a double life. Both suffer, but what they cherish the most is love, so they hope that in time they will find a solution. However, life brings them something different, something that nobody imagined - the civil war and revolution breaks out. The whole country is devastated by the tragic chaos of the revolution and their love disappears in the distance.
"Lady with the Pet Dog" is a short story written in 1899, a time when Chekhov spent most of the time in his house in Yalta. He lived usually alone and often weakened by the effects of tuberculosis, tired of the city’s provincialism, but never losing his charm and humor. He felt difficult to write in Yalta; also, he stopped working as a doctor some few years ago. Yalta became a kind of "exile" of his. It seems that Olga Knipper, - his sweet "actress”, and "wonderful woman" often complained to him in long letter that she is depressed, and he tried to cheer her with the perspective of reunion (Benedetti, 112).