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Charles Carroll: Head Of The Congressional Board Of War And Ordinance

1823 words - 8 pages

Charles Carroll was born in 1737 and died in 1832. He lived to be 95 years old and accomplished many things. He spanned three generations, from before the Revolution until the Nullification Crisis of 1832. As head of the Congressional Board of War and Ordinance, he worked closely with George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, and Benjamin Franklin. He was the Wealthiest American by far, with a personal fortune almost unimaginable for the time. He was the only Catholic to sign the Declaration of Independence, and last signer to die, at the extraordinary age of 95. At the outbreak of the Revolution he was by law banned from voting or holding public office. Within months, he singlehandedly ended decades of discrimination against Catholics, and made himself one of the more important leaders of Maryland’s independence movement.
Educated in European natural law tradition and possessing the Irish stubbornness of his ancestors, Carroll took on the anti Catholicism that was considered a permanent fixture of colonial life and converted it into a crusade against tyranny. Catapulted praccatacly overnight into leadership of the independence movement, he was elected to the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776. With his signature hardly dry on the declaration, he helped draft the Maryland state constitution, including the invention of an electoral college to select members of the states upper house. This became the model for the federal electoral college, an innovation that has been the instrument for ultimately deciding four presidential elections and still stands today. In 1827 he summarized his life by saying that “to obtain religious as well as civil liberty I entered zealously into the revolution.” the outcome of his work was to have far-reaching effects of future generations of Americans. And showing his fellow citizens that Catholics were no less loyal to their Protestant neighbors, Carroll helped define the American identity as something distinct from its English and Protestant origin. The carols were Irish nobleman descended from the O’Carroll’s chiefs of Ely. In 1552, King and Edward VI named Teige Carroll Lord Baron of Ely. They remain faithful to the great tradition of Irish Catholicism. The mind of the church had always emphasized that the objects of politics is the common good. Christianity substituted the natural law, for the Imperial Romans. Carol was a lawyer, having studied at London London’s inner Temple. According to family tradition, the settler had high hopes for Catholic emancipation when the Duke of York obtained his throne as James II. On July 18, 1688 the settlor was appointed Atty. Gen. of Maryland. During his voyage Carol changes family’s motto it had been strong in faith and in war henceforth the Carol Mata would be anywhere so long as there be freedom unfortunately as Carol Carlton later recalled my grandfather was destined to experience even in the asylum he had selected the evils of that religious part...

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