Charles Darwin. Essay

910 words - 4 pages

Charles Darwin.Charles Darwin, a British naturalist has revolutionized biological and genetic studies with his new idea of "Natural Selection." His theory on evolution, which held that a species had emerged from preexisting or "basic" forms. His liberal ideas in Natural History had aroused several disagreements among scientists and caused a division among them. In cognizance to Darwin's theory (ies) scientists today gives him the credit as being the first in all time to explain some of the disagreements between geologists. Some of these where how some rock layers were higher than others in some are but in other areas they were lower.Early YearsCharles Darwin was born in Shrewsbury, England on February 12, 1809. He was the son of Robert Warren Darwin, a family doctor and of Susannah Wedgewood Darwin daughter of a porcelain manufacturer. His grandfather, in fact, was the great English poet Erasmus Darwin. His early school training was at a small schoolhouse in Shrewsbury. After which his father put him into Edinburgh University in 1825 to 1827 for medical studies. Darwin showed no interest in being a physician after witnessing several major operations without anesthesia. He was then sent to be a pastor in the Church of England. He studied at Christ College at Cambridge University in 1828.He lost his interest in Holy order by the end became interested in something never before, Natural History. In 1831 he graduated from Cambridge with a B.A. He met many connections that were his allies in a "war" against the scientific community's belief of how evolution does occur.Infact, one of his "connections" a professor and friend of his, Johns Stevens Henslow endorsed Darwin for an unpaid position as naturalist on a scientific five-year voyage on the H.M.S. Beagle. The ship took off on December 27, 1831, to explore and evaluate the western coast of South America and several islets of the coast of South America. Its Secondary mission was to set up Navigational posts along the coastline. Darwin was to learn of the biological and geological (of which he was not educated for!) Developments of the areas.ResearchDarwin, an uneducated (in geology, that is) supposed "geologist" made two critical discoveries of which later brought a contribution to his evolution theory. These were that volcanoes and earth quakes changed the rock layers and their order. This first discovery led to his second that is a key piece in marine biology, that coral reefs were made by the clumping together of skeletons of small animals and as more died and then clumped it made a large mass-the coral reef. His two geological and biological discoveries led to his primary conclusion that changes geologically and biological that things in nature will change over long...

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