Charles Darwin In The 19th Century

991 words - 4 pages

During the Victorian Era many discoveries and conquests conveyed a promising future for the British Empire. In 1859 British scientist Charles Darwin published one of the most important and controversial books of all time widely known as the On the Origin of Species By Means of Natural Selection. It became one of the greatest accomplishments of science during the 19th century. The work of Darwin revolutionized natural science and biology and influenced other scientific areas as well. Evolution began to stretch beyond science and was accounted for the raise of a new conflict with religion, causing doubt among common people and anger between scholars and the clergy. Another movement late in the Victorian era emerged because of Darwin’s theory known as social Darwinism. The theory was negatively used by political moguls to promote social discrimination and inequality in England and across the world.
In 1831 Charles Darwin began his voyage in the British vessel the HMS Beagle and by the end of his journey Darwin managed to answer one of the most relevant questions of humanity. When his work was published in 1859 the bases of the scientific world were shaken. The publication of the On the Origin of Species not only had a profound effect on scientific thought but also in several educational areas. His theory of evolution which states that humans evolved from the ape and that all the diversity of life arouse from a similar ancestor, and the theory of natural selection were the strongest and most adaptable of species would tend to be preserved became the foundation of modern molecular, biochemical and biological sciences. Many scientists believed that “Darwin had accomplished what Galileo and Newton accomplished for mechanics and physics” (Appleman, 279) becoming the epicenter of a scientific revolution. Evolution introduced new ways for humans to look at nature, life and the universe, but also drastically changed the contour of humanity. “Darwin’s ideas mark how extraordinary a step Darwin took on humanity’s behalf” (Bland, pgph 2), the Origin of Species rapidly grew widely known across Europe, marking the transformation of the modern man and nature simultaneously highlighting the boundaries broken by Darwin for humanity as a whole in Victorian England.
Although Darwin’s work was mainly targeted to the scientific society, it had a major impact on religion, especially Christianity. The controversy agitated within weeks of its publication, evolution challenging the Christian belief of creation and unintentionally proving it scientifically erroneous. Charles theory triggered a new battle between science and religion, as several religious critics began to question Darwin and originating Anti-Darwinian and sacro-scientific movements in England and across Europe. Eventually gave birth to a Catholic movement known as “Academia”, created by the Church to defend Catholicism. Darwin’s theory had an immense repercussion on Christianity, and in response...

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