As part of my GCSE coursework I have been asked to analyse the novel
‘Great Expectations’ by Charles Dickens and show how Dickens creates
sympathy towards the young character Pip in the extract.
Dickens starts the extract by revealing the gloomy and oppressive
atmosphere in the residence of Miss Havisham.
When Pip arrives at the house of Miss Havisham there is an atmosphere
of gloominess which creates sympathy for Pip. ‘No glimpse of daylight
was to be seen in it’. Pip feels very insecure because he is a young
boy in a strange and unfamiliar environment. He is moreover now in the
presence of upper class.
This also creates sympathy because Pip is from the lower classes and
must face the difficulties to unfold with Estella and Miss Havisham.
Everything in the house is covered in dust and all the clocks have
stopped. Miss Havisham, the upper class lady of the house is dressed
in ‘satins, and lace, and silks - all of white’. Everything in this
house was once white a long, long time ago but ‘had lost its lustre,
and was faded and yellow’. This image of Miss Havisham being dressed
in her once white wedding dress also creates sympathy towards her
because she has been lost in her own world where time has stood still
and where she was left standing; a moment in time.
The dialogue also persuades us to empathise with Pip because Miss
Havisham uses imperative verbs and repetition. When she says ‘Play,
play, play’, she is telling Pip to do something in a very serious tone
Another situation where Pip is frightened by Miss Havisham is when she
tells Pip to ‘Call Estella’, she is telling him to take a direct order
in a stern way. She only treats him like this because he is a boy. She
wants to have her revenge on men because of the previous mishap on her
When Estella and Pip are playing cards, Pip is addressed by Estella in...