Charles I: The Death Of A King And The Birth Of A Superpower

2158 words - 9 pages

The eradication of Charles I from power in England allowed the country to become the major superpower of the world by the end of the 18th century. A superpower is defined as an extremely powerful nation, especially one capable of influencing international events and and policies of less powerful nations. Many common characteristics are prominent when concluding whether a country is a superpower or not, including an educated populace, a healthy economy, a rich culture, a strong military, a large land mass, and a stable government. The beheading of Charles directly relates to each of these aspects of a superpower, through one way or another. Scientific discoveries resulting from the push for education after Charles I’s death and their benefits to the economy and culture accommodate the educational, economical, and culture characteristics of a superpower. The military expansion, conquering of new lands and spread of culture after Charles accommodates the military and land mass aspects. And finally, Parliament’s eventual takeover of the government accommodates the stable government necessity of a superpower.
To start, the death of Charles I led to scientific discoveries in England, which helped build the economy and establish the superpower status of England. During his reign, Charles I constantly oppressed ideas that went against the Church of England due to his religious ideals and belief that he could impose religious conformity across all of his lands. Between 1650 and 1659, after Charles’ beheading, both the supporters of Cromwell and the defeated monarchists turned to science and technology for its potential economic and social benefits. The commonwealth made it a priority to pay off their debts from the civil war in any way possible, including scientific innovation. This benefitted England in two ways: it kept the English economy healthy, and it laid the grounds for education and innovation in the future. The real push for education came under Charles II and the restoration of the monarchy. Charles II learned a lesson from his father’s death and grew up to be very realistic with his belief that science and religion could coexist. He concluded that the Church had split with animosity and only a consensus forum could be used to freely discuss educated scientific opinions, thus, the Royal Society was formed. The Royal Society jumpstarted the flow of ideas and education in England and made innovation in trade and technology its priority, something that would have never been approved of by Charles I. Scientists such as Sir Isaac Newton and Robert Hooke made England arguably the most scientifically advanced nation in Europe in the early 1700’s, firmly securing the superpower characteristic of an educated populace.
The scientific discoveries of the late 17th century were not just necessary for the educational aspect of a major world superpower, but also for the economical aspect. During the reign of Charles I, the English economy imported more...

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