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Charles Rennie Mackintosh Essay

1392 words - 6 pages

Charles Rennie Mackintosh was born on June 7, 1868. He was born and raised in Glasgow, Scotland. Mackintosh was the son of a police superintendent. Charles was an architect, artist, and designer in Scotland. He designed in the post impressionist movement. Mackintosh was considered to be a huge influence on European architecture in his time. Charles was the fourth child out of eleven children. Later in his life, he went to The Glasgow School of Art and met Margaret MacDonald his future wife. Later they became members of a group called The Four. They got married in 1900 and never had any children. In 1923 they moved to France due to financial issues. Here, Charles created a portfolio of architectural and interior ideas and water color art work. They stayed in France for two years and then moved to London. When they moved back, Charles was diagnosed with throat and tongue cancer. He was then moved to a nursing home where he died at age 60. Charles Rennie Mackintosh died on December 10, 1928.

2. Charles attended Allan Glen’s school and the Glasgow School of Art. In 1890, Charles won the Alexander Thomson Traveling Scholarship. He studied ancient classic architecture under a scholarship. He also traveled extensively through Italy.

3. Throughout Charles’ career, he was inspired by Japanese architecture, Art Nouveau, and the Arts and Crafts movement. The arts and crafts movement occurred in the 1060’s to the 1900’s and people were using organic materials, paints, and crafts. The movement was inspire by the medieval times. One article explains Art Nouveau, “Art Nouveau buildings often have asymmetrical shapes, arches and decorative surfaces with curved, plant-like designs”(About). He liked the simplicity of the Japanese architecture, rather than the artificialness of most of the architecture at that time. He also liked the natural materials that were used in Japanese architecture. The light and texture inspired him. Charles did not like the western architecture that was in style; he thought it showed off how much money the owner had, instead of the uniqueness and individuality of the piece. One article talks about Japanese architecture being used in the Glasgow School of Art, “There are Japanese influences in the use and shape of the projecting timber eaves at the stairwells, left, and also in some of the internal details”(ScotCities).
At the time Charles was designing, there was a new movement: simplifying architecture, making it practical. This was the modernist movement. The modernist movement was used to create new technology. Charles liked this idea because it incorporated the past, present, and the future, instead of just focusing on history like other architects were doing. Mackintosh also inspired European architecture as a whole after his death. One article discusses Charles influence on Architecture, “Although Mackintosh's architectural output was fairly small he had a considerable influence on European design. Especially popular in...

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