Chaucer's society represents every social class. In doing so, it shows what it takes to actually make a society function. The different people carry different stories to share. These stories carry lessons learned in hopes of sharing them with others so that they may not end up in the same predicaments. After all, that is the main point of sharing stories, isn't it?
In the Nun and Priest's tale, a story of never trusting a flatterer is told. The Pardoner tries to sell indulgences to the pilgrims after he told them he cheats them. Love Conquers all is a main staple of the Prioress. He archetypes this as a quest on which the pilgrims set out upon a quest to their holy site to gain spiritual benefits. Another part of the archetype would be him beginning with the awakening of spring and ending with the images of death and despair.
Throughout the 24 tales, Romance is overdone and the range of attitudes towards life and literature is expressed. The main point of the tales are to share morals. You will now read a few summaries of some of the tales presented in Chaucer's works.
The judge in the Physician's tale lusts after Virginius' daughter. When he finds that she will not give into temptation, he sends someone in to give a fake claim against Virginius that he is only claiming she is his daughter and orders her to be taken away from him immediately. In order to save his daughter from being violated and killed, he explains to her that it would be morally correct for him to kill her while she is still pure so that she can at least save her dignity. In the end, Virginius took the head from his daughter to the judge who upon seeing this, attempted to flee to hang himself. Yet he could not escape the crowd of people who had learned of his dishonesty and was thrown into jail. Thus presenting the tale with the lesson of abandon sin, before sin abandons you.
The apprentice in the Cook's tale owned a shop where he sold food. However he was a very good dancer and often found himself out partying and forgetting work. Since following this trend, he would steal from his master he lived with, and eventually his master kicked him out. He found a new place of residence with a companion who enjoyed gambling and drinking also. His new companion's wife owned a shop in order to keep up appearances, but in all honesty was a prostitute. This story shows how someone can be so fake and yet the public sees them as the epitome of perfection. The...