Exploring the Differences Between Idealism and Representative Realism
The two differences between idealism and representative realism are,
realists believe that objects properties such as smell and taste exist
in the object but representative realists disagree and believe that
these need to perceive to exist.
The second difference between idealism and representative realism is
for idealists things only exist when perceived, whereas representative
realism means things exist if perceivable.
Explain and illustrate how an idealist distinguishes between a real
and hallucination experience
A real experience can be defined as something that actually happens in
a conscious state, which your mind picks up as real, whereas a
hallucination experience is something which is not real, and you are
in a trance or sleep state where you at times may not be able to tell
the difference between real and your hallucination. In the following,
we should learn how an idealist distinguishes from these two states.
One such way an idealist distinguishes from a real and hallucination
experience is through the fact that it is not just the immediate
experience but also past experiences which identify 'real' and
'hallucination' experiences. This means that often in a hallucination
experience you will not be able to link events with any other things
that have taken place in your life meaning that it can't be a real
experience. Another method in which idealists use to differentiate
between the two experiences is through the knowledge that real
experiences are predictable as we tend to know what is going to happen
next or have experienced similar things, whereas a hallucination can
be wild and unpredictable especially without having any past
experiences to relate it back to.
Idealists also like to use the idea that when you are in a normal
experience and state your sense data will be perfectly normal, however
when you are in a hallucination experience your sense data becomes
unpredictable and irregular. An example of this can be related to the
words 'my guitar' as the words are a convenient way of referring to a
repeated pattern of sensory experiences. Despite this fact, the
argument can be seen as flawed as if you were in an hallucination it
would be hard to know whether your sensory data is irregular.
In conclusion idealists distinguish between real and hallucination
experiences in a variety of ways, the key reason was, by showing us
how a real experience is connected to a past experience meaning we
can't be hallucinating.
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