From our forefathers of our country, the United States of America, they have given this country a democratic government. One of their key contributions is not only the Bill of Rights, but also the three branches of government. These branches include the Executive, Legislative, and the Judicial. Having these three allow Checks and Balances to occur; each branch is able to keep the other two from becoming a single, ultimate power.
The Executive Branch was created in 1787 after the Constitution was ratified. Within the Executive Branch, the two main leaders of the United States reside in. They are known as the President and the Vice President.
How are they elected? The United States is a Democratic nation. Which means after the candidates pass the initial qualifications and passed the first primary, they will end up on the Presidential voting ballet. Although the people are a key factor in voting in the new president and his government partner, they are not directly linked to the success. Each state has a certain amount of electoral votes, based on how many congressional personnel are in that state (mostly determined by state population), which can be placed into a certain candidate. This is why it is more desirable for a candidate to get the most populous states (i.e. California and Florida), than how many states they actually win. Most populous states equals more electoral votes. For a Presidential candidate to win, they must have a majority of 270 electoral votes (archives.gov).
The Executive branch has several responsibilities to carry on their shoulders. Presidents are expected to be the head of the State and Federal government of the United States of America, and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces. Also, they are responsible in upholding the execution and enforcement of Congressional laws (although, the president has the power to veto such laws). Vice Presidents, on the other hand, have to be ready to step into office if the President is found not fit for the role or when the President is no longer. They serve as second-in-command and advisor to the president. In the Senate, the Vice President serves as President of the United States Senate.
To help with the pressure of the presidency role, the president has a staff of cabinet member heads (selected by the Senate, of course). These cabinet heads take charge of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, Housing and Urban Development, Interior, Justice, Labor, State, Transportation, Treasury, and Veteran Affairs. They also make good advisory roles to the President when a crisis comes.
Alike to its equivalent branches, the Legislative Branch was created in 1787. This branch is composed of the House of Representatives and the Senate (also known as Congress). Candidates for both of the House of Representatives and the Senate are chosen by the democratic process of voting. The major differences between the two is that the Senate will...