Checks And Balances In The 21st Century

949 words - 4 pages

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AbstractIn 1791 our founding fathers met to draft a constitution that would be fair and protect the rights of all citizens. They created an almost perfect system which included three branches, the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The government was divided into these three branches to separate powers. To guarantee that no branch would have more power then the other a system of checks and balances was implemented. This system allows each branch to check the other when they are not being fair or constitutional.Checks and Balances in the 21st CenturyShortly after our country gained it's independence from Great Britain, our founding fathers met to put together a government plan. They came to the table with several ideas on how to make a strong system that was fair and would protect all of its citizens. Several earlier documents played a role in drafting what would become the most important document written in America. In 1789 our founding fathers drafted the Constitution of the United States America. The Constitution was founded on three basic principles: freedom of speech and religion, the right to bear arms, and the right to a fair trial. In order to ensure that these rights were protected, government powers were split between three branches: executive branch, legislative branch and the judicial branch. Each branch has different responsibilities and to ensure that neither would become more powerful then the other a system of checks and balances was established. This system is still used in our government today and has served as a model for several countries.In order to understand how the checks and balances system works, it is important to understand the powers of each branch. The executive branch is made up of the executive leaders which include the President and the Vice President. The President appoints the Cabinet and oversees the various agencies and departments of the federal government (Whitehouse, 2008). The legislative branch or Congress is made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate. They have the power to create laws as well as tax, spend, and provide for national defense. The third branch is the judicial branch which is made up of our court system. The judicial branch hears cases that challenge or require interpretation of the legislation passed by Congress and signed by the President (Whitehouse, 2008). All three branches work together to build a strong nation but in order for this to happen they must check each other.An example of the system of checks and balances can be seen in President Bush's Veto of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 which is meant to replace the Farm Bill of 2007. Farm bills are a very controversial issue because it has a great amount of impact on the international trading system, environmental preservation, food safety, and the well being of all communities. The agricultural subsidy...

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