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Chemical And Biological Weapons Of Mass Destruction

1536 words - 7 pages

Has the international law been able to tame the manufacture and use of BW?
In the face of ever increasing terror attacks, autocratic regimes lead by crazy men (Syria as an example), the control of BW has to be successful. In 1972 the use of BWs was outlawed by 165 states, however several nations still research on the same for defense purposes. The argument here is that defense can be interpreted differently by different states; as a good defense is a good offense. Nothing can stop South and North Korea from attacking each other in the name of defense with the BWs, which would have a cause effect the world over.
Historical use of BWs
In 1789 the British army used smallpox to attack New South Wales, and previously had used blankets donated to civilians to spread small pox during the American Revolutionary War (Christopher, Warren 2013). When world war two began the UK established a BW project. Approved by Winston Churchill; soon anthrax, botulism, tularemia, and brucellosis toxins became weaponized. Gruinard Island in Scotland became poisoned with anthrax for 48 years (Prasad, S.K. 2009). The USA followed suite to produce such BW and tested in Utah (Guillemin, J 2006). Japan did the worst form of BW research, tested on humans-prisoners (Williams, Peter; Wallace, David 1989). Japan also used BW against China. During the cold war period the big powers-US, UK, USSR developed such weapons, although not exactly used.
In 1969 the UK and the Warsaw Pact proposed to the UN to ban BWs. In 1972 the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention banned the use of BWs. Richard Nixon; the US president released an executive order for the production of BWs to stop immediately. Most states undertook to research on immunization and bio-safety.
By and large most weapons were destroyed by the 1990s, however given the new technology and world tensions it is believed that new weapons have been manufactured. In 1990 and 1991, the weapons of biological nature were destroyed by the combined/coalition forces and the UN after the first Gulf War.
Current affairs on the BWs
Given the Syrian incidence, use of chemical weapons against its own civilians, then the possibility of insane governments possessing BWs cannot be a surprise. After September 11 2001, there were incidences of use of anthrax in official letters directed to various governmental offices and media stations.
Modern terrorism has become grosser in the use of weapons to kill humanity on a large scale. BWs in the hands of terrorists are lethal and catastrophic; they count victory on the number of people they have been able to kill. BWs can be more effective than suicide bombing, since introduction of a given virus/bacteria will infect and kill large populations, and the economic implications will be enormous. Anthrax can be produced easily using animal material from farms, and can be preserved for over 100 years. The use of anthrax can have a place an inhabitable, hectors of fertile land wasted and lives destroyed....

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