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Chemical Dependency Essay

1432 words - 6 pages

University of PhoenixAddiction is "A chronic disease involving a number of brain chemistry disorders" (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, 1999). Chemical dependency in adolescents and adults can be described as ones compulsive over use of chemicals (alcohol or drugs) and the inability to refrain from its use regardless of the consequences or outcome that arise from their use. The signs and symptoms that adults and adolescents exhibit range from loss of jobs, family to changes in ones mood to subtle or drastic changes in ones overall appearance. Treating adolescents and adults for substance abuse requires special consideration technique and understanding. The author of this paper will examine the development and progression of substance abuse and chemical dependency in the adolescent and adult population, as well as the bio-psychosocial issues around adolescent and adult substance abuse and chemical dependency. The author will also include a brief definition of epidemiology and, a diagnosis of addiction as it is listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual. The author will also provide treatment options towards possible recovery in the diseases that range in severity followed up by a brief conclusion.Adolescents and AdultsThe patterns of abuse amongst adolescents are astonishingly different from the patterns of adults. The ways in which both groups perceive tasks, risks, and emotions may be taken into consideration due to ones progression of the chemical in which one is dependent upon. According to an study conducted by the Department of Health and Human Services, statistics were used that compared the drug use amongst adults and adolescents the results showed variations in the different age group categories with significant ratios towards adolescents. The rate for chemical dependency or abuse was 1.2 percent at age 12, and rates generally increased for each successive year of age until the highest rate (23.6 percent) at age 21. The adults that reached the age of 21, the rates declined with age. The following year the same study was conducted and again a similar pattern by age was noted. The rate of abuse was 8.9 percent for youths aged 12 to 17; 21.0 percent for persons aged 18 to 25; and 7.0 percent for persons aged 26 or older. Amongst those with dependency abuse, illicit drugs accounted for 58.1 percent of youths, 37.2 percent of persons aged 18 to 25, and 24.1 percent of persons aged 26 or older (U.S Department of Health & Human Services, 2005).Contributing factors in why adolescents are at a higher risk for chemical dependency abuse is that the risks and exposure to drugs and alcohol are more rampant that that of adults, such as adolescents are more likely than adults to try new drugs (or those from their parents or friends medicine cabinets) on the recommendation of a fellow peer or group of peers. In a similar study by the Department of Health and Human Services, an article states that "Many teens obtain a large majority of their...

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